|Statement by Ms. Zhang Xiao'an, Counsellor of the Permanent Mission of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations on "Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Program for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21" at the Second Committee of the 57th Session of the General Assembly|
Following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in 1992, the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) recently concluded in South Africa was another milestone gathering of the international community in the field of environment and development. Leaders around the world were present at the Summit in Johannesburg to discuss the important issue of global sustainable development, thus demonstrating the determination of the international community to achieve this objective. Also at the Summit, the parties concerned reached consensus on the further implementation of Agenda 21 to promote coordinated development in economic, social and environmental fields. They did so in the spirit of enhanced multilateralism and international cooperation and with the strong desire to coordinate in meeting challenges and achieving sustainable development. Efforts were also made to push forward the process of bringing the Kyoto Protocol into effect. The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation adopted at the Summit have determined the specific targets and measures for the international community to achieve sustainable development and can therefore serve as the guide for the future work in this area. At present, the international community should seize the momentum to implement, at an early date, the outcome of the Summit and establish the appropriate follow-up mechanism so as to turn targets and commitments into action and reality.
In order to achieve the targets set in Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and implement the outcome of WSSD, we believe that,
1. While countries make their own efforts, international cooperation in the area of
environment and development should be strengthened. This is of critical importance to achieving sustainable development. Countries and regions should aim at common development and establish new partnership based on mutual respect, equality and reciprocity. Sustainable development is the common task of the world as a whole, but developed countries need to undertake greater responsibilities. Therefore, the Rio Principles set forth at the Rio Conference, in particular, the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" shall always serve as the prerequisite for international cooperation in this field.
2. Problems relating to the means of implementation, such as financial resources and technologies, should be solved in a concrete way. It is a must for countries to have adequate financial r