|Statement by Ambassador Zhang Yishan Deputy Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations in the General Debate of the Second Committee at the 57th Session of the General Assembly|
First of all, I wish to congratulate you on your election as Chairman of the Second Committee of this session of the General Assembly. The Chinese delegation will cooperate closely with you and other members of the Bureau to ensure a successful completion of the work of the Second Committee.
Earlier this year, the United Nations successfully held the International Conference on Financing for Development (ICFD) and the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). Consensus was reached, through much effort, on a series of important issues such as the implementation of the Millennium development goals, the reduction of the gap between the rich and the poor, financing for development through different channels, and the promotion of coordinated economic, social and environmental development. The two conferences laid down concrete targets for sustainable development for the international community by adopting, respectively, the Monterrey Consensus as a platform in the field of financing for development, and the Plan of Implementation as a guideline for future efforts in sustainable development. However, the ICFD is but a starting point in solving the problem of financing for development. In the same vein, the outcomes of the WSSD have yet to be implemented, and the targets set by the Summit have yet to be achieved. Therefore, it is imperative for the international community to translate the consensus into action, expeditiously implement the outcomes of the two conferences, and establish relevant follow-up mechanisms, so as to effectively assist developing countries in overcoming the long-standing difficulties encountered in their development process, and promote the attainment of the development goals laid down by the UN conferences in every country and region.
In order to successfully implement the outcomes of the ICFD as well as the WSSD and achieve the Millennium development goals, we should concentrate our efforts in the following areas:
l. National efforts should be strongly supported by the international community. Facts prove that in the process of achieving development and eradicating poverty, efforts at the national level are of critical importance. These include efforts to establish political and economic systems suited to the conditions of the country, to carry out sound macro-economic policies, and implement relevant development goals set by the UN in the light of different priorities of each country. However, at the same time, in a globalized world of today, national efforts will not succeed without a favourable external environment and support from the international community. It is therefore necessary to intensify international cooperation, create an external environment favourable for the joint development of all countries, establish an equitable international economic governance system, and increase the decision-making power of the developing countries in international economic affairs so as to ensure their participation in setting the international rules of the game on an equal footing. At the same time, it is also necessary to establish a development-oriented global partnership among donor countries, the developing countries, the UN system, multi-lateral economic institutions, the private sector and the civil society, so as to facilitate the attainment of the development goals.
2. Financial resources and technology needed for the attainment of the development goals must be in place. The Secretary-General Mr. Kofi Annan explicitly pointed out that an additional 50 billion US dollars in ODA are required for the attainment of the Millennium development goals. The developing countries have long been suffering from the lack of financial resources, the backwardness of their technology, and the lack of trained personnel. As far as they are concerned, the key to the attainment of development goals is the solution of the question of resources and other means of implementation. Without resources, all the development goals set by the UN will only remain on paper. Therefore, the international community must take strong measures to effectively help developing countries overcome difficulties encountered in this field. To do so, the developed countries need to not only expeditiously deliver on their pledges of ODA increases made at the ICFD, but also achieve the goal of 0.7% of their GNP as ODA as soon as possible. At the same time, the developed countries need also to fully implement the Uruguay Round Agreement without delay, eliminate all trade barriers directed against developing countries, facilitate the developing countries' market access, put questions of concern to developing countries at the heart of the new round of multilateral trade negotiation and make it a "development round" in the true sense of the term. Developing countries' external debt problems should be fully and effectively solved, and investment in developing countries needs to be increased. Only by truly solving the question of resources and other means of implementation can the development of developing countries proceed on an assured basis.
3. Countries should decide for themselves how best to achieve development in the light of their national conditions. The stages of development vary in large degrees from country to country. For developing countries, the selection of a road to development best suited to their own national conditions is an important prerequisite for their development and their integration into the world economy. The developed countries should acknowledge this reality and respect the developing countries' right to choose their own road to development and refrain from imposing their own development model on other countries. At the same time, they need also to help enhance the developing countries' capacity building. When submitting policy proposals to recipient countries, multilateral development agencies should fully listen to their views and refrain from imposing on the latter development models unsuitable for them, nor should any conditions be attached to aid. Only thus can aid achieve optimal results and truly promote the development of developing countries.
4. The United Nations should play a leading role in promoting the attainment of the Millennium development goals and the implementation of the outcomes of the ICFD as well as the WSSD. At the same time, the UN should strengthen its coordination and cooperation with the World Bank, the IMF, the WTO and other multilateral economic institutions, urge them to be more deeply involved in the efforts to attain the Millennium development goals and achieve the outcomes of the above-mentioned two conferences, so that the UN's role in the development field will be fulfilled in practical terms in the process to attain global development goals.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.