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The Establishment of the International Criminal Court
At the General Committee of the 55th Session of the GA

2000/09/07

Mr. President,

After repeated failure in the past seven years, a small number of countries have once again raised the issue of so-called "Taiwan's participation in the United Nations" in an attempt to create "two Chinas" and "one China, one Taiwan" in the Organization. This is a violation of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations as well as Resolution 2758 of the General Assembly. We strongly oppose the inclusion of supplementary item 12 of the draft agenda in the agenda of the 55th session of the General Assembly. We hope that the General Committee will continue to, as all previous General

Committees did, uphold justice, safeguard the purposes and principles of the UN Charter as well as GA Resolution 2758 and support the position of the Chinese Delegation.

Mr. President,

There is only one China in the world and Taiwan has been an inseparable part of China's territory since ancient times. Both the 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Proclamation have reaffirmed China's sovereignty over Taiwan. To date, more than 160 countries in the world have diplomatic relations with China. It is an indisputable fact acknowledged by the international community that the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China.

In 1971, the 26th session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted, by an overwhelming majority, the historically significant Resolution 2758 (XXVI), acknowledging in clear and unequivocal terms that "the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council" and deciding to restore all legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expel immediately the representatives of Taiwan who were claiming to represent China "from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organizations related to it". Resolution 2758 solved once and for all, in political, legal and procedural terms, the issue of China's representation at the UN. The Government of the People's Republic of China rightfully represents all Chinese, including our compatriots in Taiwan, in the United Nations and all organizations related to it. Thus, there is simply no such issue as Taiwan's so-called "representation in the United Nations".

Mr. President,

The United Nations is an inter-governmental international organization composed of sovereign states.

According to international law, state sovereignty is indivisible and so is the representation of a state in an international organization composed of sovereign states. As a part of China, Taiwan is not eligible to participate, in whatever name or under whatever pretext, in the work or activities of the United Nations or its specialized agencies. As a leftover of China's civil war, the question of Taiwan is fundamentally different from the issue of "two Germanys" and the issue of "two Koreas". Therefore, it should not be put on a par with the latter two issues. The General Committees of the successive sessions of the General Assembly since 1993 have all flatly refused to include the issue of Taiwan's so-called "participation" in the United Nations in the agenda of the General Assembly. This year's proposal by a small number of countries is doomed to fail as before.

Mr. President,

On the question of Taiwan, we always appreciate the position of the vast majority of Member States, who have abided by the one-China principle, opposed "Taiwan independence", "two Chinas", "one China, one Taiwan" and Taiwan's "participation" in international organizations composed of only sovereign states. We sincerely thank them for having all along been unambiguously against the inclusion of the issue of Taiwan's so-called "participation in the United Nations" in the agenda of the General Assembly. Mr. President, we believe that, as always, the General Committee of the 55th session of the General

Assembly, under your leadership, will refuse to inscribe the issue of Taiwan's so-called "participation in the United Nations" in the agenda of the General Assembly.

Thank you, Mr. President.

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