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Statement by Ambassador Wang Guangya On the Report of the High-level Panel
27 January 2005

Mr. President,

China appreciates and welcomes the comprehensive report submitted by the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change. The report sums up, from a strategic perspective, the experiences of the UN since its inception, analyzes the major security threats and challenges facing the States today and puts forward many constructive initiatives and ideas on the revitalization and reform of the Organization that deserve serious consideration by all. The report will certainly make an important and positive contribution to the preparations for the coming Summit of the UNGA, the promotion of multilateralism and the strengthening of the role of the UN.

Mr. President,

The report advocates a new security consensus and a deep engagement to strengthen collective security systems. We believe that this is of special and positive significance. Today, the concept of security is becoming more complex. No State can stand wholly alone. Interdependence among countries has deepened and their interests are intricately intertwined and no State can enjoy absolute security in isolation from the others. Under the circumstances, only the adoption of a new security concept that emphasizes “mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation”, strengthened international cooperation and reliance on collective action will enable us to effectively respond to new challenges.

The security threats and challenges we face are complex in nature and varied in form. As the core of the collective security system, the UN has a special responsibility and a unique role to play in safeguarding the common security of States and in preventing and curbing common threats. The enhancement of the capacity and authority of the UN is a must for the common security of the international community, and it is also a principle that lies at the heart of the Panel’s report.

Mr. President,

The report pointed out that common development is the indispensable foundation of a new collective security system and that it is necessary for States to view the question of development from a security strategy perspective. We believe that this is a highly relevant point. Terrorism and the proliferation of WMDs are security threats to the international community; but so are poverty, diseases and environmental degradation, and the threats posed by the latter are no less serious. We should attach equal importance to all types of threats and challenges and not stress one over or at the expense of another. At the present time, what most concerns the developing countries is finding effective solutions to development problems and realizing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In this respect, North and the South share equal responsibilities and the UN also has an indispensable role to play. As to the policy initiatives put forward by the Panel, we should, in combination with the consideration of the report on the Millennium Project, translate broad ideas into concrete actions and seriously