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Statement by Deputy Permanent Representative of China to the UN Mr. Zhang Yishan on the Report of SG on the Work of the Organiaztion (Item 10)
(8 October 2004)


Mr. President:

The Chinese delegation wishes to thank the Secretary-General for his report on the work of the Organization. The report recalls the work of UN in various fields over the past year, analyses the challenges and put forward some enlightening recommendations. These are worthy of serious consideration. I will focus my statement on four points in connection with the report.

First, the issue of peace and security. As described in the report, "the United Nations has been through an extraordinarily challenging year". The United Nations has played an important role in facilitating the solution to the problems of Iraq, the Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cotes d'Ivoire and Haiti. We express our appreciation in this regard. However, it must be admitted that there are relapses in many regional hot spot problems. At the same time, non-traditional security threats such as terrorism continue to rise and the United Nations continue to face many difficulties.

The security situation in Iraq remains serious. Innocent civilians continue to suffer from the turmoil and the peace process and post war reconstruction still has a long way to go. China supports the United Nations to play an important role in the peace process and facilitate the successful election to be held in Iraq. We are in favor of timely convening an international conference on Iraq and hope all parties concerned will resolve their differences trough this conference, enhance their common understanding and jointly promote the security and stability in Iraq.

The prospect of Middle-East peace process remains bleak. The Israeli forces recently launched large-scale military actions in the Gaza Strip and the conflict between Palestine and Israel has further deteriorated. We urge the Israeli forces to withdraw as soon as possible and call upon both sides to exercise restraint, resume dialogue at an early date and create conditions for the effective implementation of the "road map". The quartet mechanism should promote more forcefully this effort.

During the general debate of GA, most countries referred to the question of Darfur. Like all other countries, China is also very much concerned with the humanitarian and security situation in Darfur. We support the African Union to play a leading role, welcome the efforts made by the Sudanese government to date and hope the government will continue to make greater efforts and make substantive progress in key areas. The causes that led to the Darfur problem are complicated. The International community should facilitate the solution to this problem by constructive means and sanctions can only further complicate the problem.

Over the past year, there is a noticeable increase in UN peacekeeping operations and the available forces and resources cannot match the requirement. The Secretary-General appeals to all countries, especially the developed countries, for more political support and support in forces and resources to the United Nations. We hope the developed countries will take practical action speedily in response to the appeal of the Secretary-General. Last year, terrorist attacks happened successively in Madrid, Istanbul, Jarkada, Moscow and Beslan. This demonstrates that terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction remain the real and serious challenge confronting us. Only by strengthening international cooperation, addressing the symptoms and root causes and avoiding double standards can a solution be found to the above problem.

Second, the issue of development. One outstanding feature of this year's general debate is that all countries are more concerned with the issue of development. The overwhelming majority of developing countries demanded for more voice in the international economic affairs in order to achieve genuine economic independence. Development is the basis for the advance of human civilization. Only coordinated, balanced and universal global development can bring about sustained peace and stability of the world. Without the prosperity and progress of the developing countries, the ideal of peace and stability of the world can only be "castles in the air".

At present, it is urgently needed to reverse the continuous widening of the gap betwee