|Statement by Ambassador Liu Zhenmin, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Chinese Mission to the United Nations, at the Fourth Committee of the Sixty-fourth Session of the UN General Assembly on Item 33: Comprehensive review of the whole question of peacekeeping operations in all their aspects|
The Chinese delegation welcomes the report on comprehensive review of the whole question of peacekeeping operations in all their aspects adopted by this session of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations. I would also like to thank USG Leroy and USG Malcorra for their briefings on the UN peacekeeping operations.
Sixty-one years have gone by since the creation of the first UN peacekeeping operation. During this period, 63 peacekeeping missions have been dispatched and put to test, and there have been encouraging achievements as well as questions that merit our reflection. As the scale and demands of the UN peacekeeping operations increase, Member States have never ceased pondering on the reform of the UN peacekeeping operations. Since the publication of the Brahimi report in 2000, numerous attempts have been made to seek structural and institutional reform of the UN peacekeeping endeavors; nevertheless, the huge scale and complex mandate of peacekeeping operations dictate that we keep the relevant reform initiatives under careful review and seek a model of sustainability for development of the UN peacekeeping operations.
In order to consolidate the support of the Member States for peacekeeping operations and enhance the capacity for sustainable development of peacekeeping operations, we believe that it is necessary to carefully consider initiatives in the following aspects for the reform of peacekeeping operations:
First, adherence to the Hammarskjold Principle is the basis for the consolidation of the support of Member States for peacekeeping operations. In the past 61 years, UN peacekeeping operations have scored great successes, but also suffered serious setbacks. Upholding the Hammarskjold Principle is the conclusion drawn by Member States from the experience accumulated and lessons learned during the past 61 years; it is the basis of their trust and support for peacekeeping operations; it is also the foundation for the further development of peacekeeping operations under the new circumstances.
Second, clear and achievable mandate is the prerequisite for the improvement of peacekeeping efficiency. We have noticed that both USG LeRoy and USG Malcorra referred in their statements to the mismatch between mandates and resources in peacekeeping. It is the