|Statement by Ambassador L Baodong at the Security Council Open Debate on the Situation in Somalia|
I would like to thank the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, Mr. Augustine Mahiga, for his briefing.
The peace process has achieved historic progress in Somalia. The tasks specified by the road map have been basically accomplished. A new President has been elected, a new Prime Minister has been appointed, and there have been military gains in combating Al-Shabaab.
We welcome and offer congratulations on the success and thank the Special Representative, the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and other regional organizations for their efforts. We highly appreciate the important contributions by the late Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Mr. Meles Zenawi.
China has noted that there is still a long way to go to reach lasting peace, and challenges remain. The capabilities of the Somali Government still need to be strengthened. Terrorism and extremist forces still exist. The terrorist situation remains precarious. We hope that Somalia's different parties will make efforts in the following four aspects.
First, they should continue to advance the political process and national reconciliation. We hope the Somali parties will seize this historic opportunity for the greater good of national stability and development, strengthen unity and cooperation, and bridge their differences through dialogue and consultations. We support the new Government of Somalia in implementing an interim Constitution, exercising Government functions and extending effective authority over all its national territory. We urge different factions in Somalia to renounce violence and to join the peace process as soon as possible.
Secondly, the security situation must be further consolidated. We support Somalia's efforts to expedite the building of the security sector and to assume full responsibility for protecting sovereignty and national civility. We appreciate AMISOM's effective work, and we support its continuing to play an important role in stability in Somalia. In the light of the real need, the international community, especially the United Nations, should strengthen logistical support for AMISOM and the Somalia security forces.
Thirdly, they most start economic and social reconstruction. Poverty and underdevelopment are the root causes of the 20 years of turbulence in Somalia. We hope that Somali parties will soon prepare economic and social reconstruction plans so as to let the Somali people see the prospect of national peace and development. We call on the United Nations and the entire donor community to deliver what has been committed and to raise more funds, in cash or in kind, to help Somalia achieve economic and social development.
Fourthly, a new strategy in which the international community can help Somalia must be prepared. We support the Secretary-General's strategic review of the continued United Nations presence in Somalia beyond 2012 to 2016. We hope the United Nations will play an active coordinating role and take fully into account the views of the African Union and IGAD, on the basis of respecting Somalia's sovereignty. We hope that it will prepare a comprehensive and viable strategic plan to help Somalia achieve stability and development and put that plan into effect as soon as possible.
Thank you, Mr. President.