|Statement by Ambassador WANG Min at the 50th Session of the Commission for Social Development on Priority theme of "Poverty Eradication"|
On behalf of the Chinese delegation, I would like to congratulate you on your election as Chairman of this session. I believe that, under your leadership, this session will achieve its expected outcome. The Chinese delegation will fully support your work.
This year witnesses the 50th session of the Commission for Social Development. In the past 50 years, the international community, with joint efforts, has steadily increased its level of focus on issues of social development and is more conscious of protecting social groups such as persons with disabilities, older persons and youth. At the same time, the cause of social development also faces many challenges. At present, with slow global economic recovery, prolonged turmoil in certain regions and continuous natural disasters, many developing countries remain besieged by problems of hunger, disease and poverty. There is still a long way to go and an arduous task ahead before the goal of global poverty reduction can be realized. It is therefore important and realistic that this Session of the CSocD has made poverty eradication its priority theme.
China concurs with the analysis contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the situation of global poverty reduction and supports the recommendations in the report on promoting inclusive growth and strengthening social protection. China would like to share the following three points on global poverty reduction:
First, efforts should be made to create an international environment conducive to poverty eradication. Without a peaceful and stable international environment, there will be no guarantee for economic development and we will be in no position to talk about poverty eradication. All countries should actively safeguard world peace and stability, respect each other politically, strive for economic equality and mutual benefits, and move the global economy towards a balanced and win-win direction that will benefit all. In particular, we should respect all countries in their choice of development path and modality suitable for their own national conditions and all peoples should be guaranteed equal access to development opportunities.
Second, poverty reduction should be included in the overall planning for national economic and social development. All countries should view poverty eradication from a wider perspective. Poverty reduction is not a burden to economic and social development but a driving force behind social stability and sustainable development. Against the backdrop of international financial crisis, all countries should work hard to resume economic growth and maintain macro-economic stability, while taking into full account the social effect resulting from economic policies so as to handle properly the issues of income and distribution of public resources. We should actively expand employment, improve social protection, protect vulnerable groups and vigorously safeguard the hard-won outcome of poverty reduction.
Third, efforts should be made to form an international synergy on poverty reduction. The international community should make poverty eradication a priority area in development cooperation and explore new measures to be taken by multilateral agencies to support global poverty reduction. The United Nations, World Bank and other international organizations should shoulder their responsibilities and mobilize and organize all forces to move forward the international cause of poverty reduction. Developed countries should truly honor their aid commitment, abandon trade protectionism, speed up transfer of technology and help developing countries, in particular the LDCs, to accelerate their development. Developing countries should formulate poverty reduction strategies suitable for their own characteristics, strengthen South-South cooperation and promote joint development.
As stated in the Secretary-General's report, China, in its own efforts, has made contributions to the global cause of poverty reduction. Indeed, as a country with the largest population, China is also the first developing country to realize, ahead of schedule, the MDGs in the area of poverty reduction. After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, there has been a drastic reduction in the number of people living in poverty in China. The fundamental reason for that achievement lies in the fact that China has found a path to poverty reduction in accordance with its own national conditions and has included poverty reduction in the overall planning for its national development.
In the meantime, I would like to emphasize that China is still a developing country. China's development is not yet balanced, coordinated and sustainable, faced with great pressure from population, resources and environment. Around 128 million people are living below the poverty line. China still has a long way to go in the work of poverty reduction. Not long ago, the Chinese government issued the Outline for Development-Oriented Poverty Reduction for China's Rural Areas 2011-2020, which significantly raised the national standard for poverty reduction, covering more low income population in the program, with an aim that by 2020 those who are covered in the program will have no more worries about food and clothing, and their compulsory education needs and their basic medical and housing requirements will be fully met.
While endeavoring in its own development-oriented poverty reduction program, the Chinese government also participates in depth in international cooperation on poverty reduction, shares its experiences and intensifies exchanges and cooperation with other developing countries in this area. In recent years, China, in cooperation with others, has completed more than 40 research projects on poverty reduction related domestic and foreign theories and policies, trained 720 mid-and-high level officials from 91 developing countries and organized over 100 international seminars and bilateral exchanges on poverty reduction. In 2011, together with African countries, China sponsored the China-Africa Conference on Poverty Reduction and Development, and together with ASEAN, the Forum on Social Development and Poverty Reduction. In future, China will continue to strengthen its work in poverty reduction, participate in depth in international cooperation in this area and make joint efforts with all other member states to promote the healthy development of the international cause of poverty reduction.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.