|Speech by the Chinese Delegation at the High-level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security|
（September 22, 2011）
Co-chairs, dear colleagues,
First of all, on behalf of the Chinese government,I would like to thank the Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, for convening this meeting and express my sincere appreciation to him and the Secretariat for their efforts made to promote global nuclear safety. It is my hope that all participants may make full use of this meeting to draw upon lessons learned from nuclear accidents and put forward useful ideas and recommendations on enhancing nuclear safety through cooperation.
Since the first day of its discovery, nuclear energy has made tremendous contribution to economic and social development of mankind. Meanwhile, nuclear energy is also known for its accompanied huge risks. After the Fukushima nuclear accident, several countries had made the decision to limit future development of nuclear energy or even abandon it. We fully understand and respect their decision. However, in China's view,in a short period nuclear energy is playing a role irreplaceable by any other energy in safeguarding energy security, promoting economic development and combatting climate change. Therefore, we should not deny the benefit of nuclear energy because of one or two nuclear accidents.
In the meantime, ensuring nuclear safety must be the prerequisite for developing and utilizing nuclear energy. As President Hu Jintao pointed out at the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit, nuclear energy is clean and it must also be safe and secure. China believes that the international community should work together to enhance the global nuclear safety and ensure that nuclear energy will benefit mankind in a safe way. For this purpose, China would like to put forward the following proposals.
First, earnestly fulfill nuclear safety responsibilities. Countries developing nuclear energy should establish appropriate nuclear infrastructure, apply relevant international nuclear safety standards and norms when selecting sites for, constructing and operating nuclear power plants, strictly implement relevant international obligations, strengthen nuclear safety inspection and supervision, attach importance to nuclear safety culture and relevant training, establish effective emergency response mechanisms, actively develop and apply innovative nuclear technologies, and enhance accident prevention and mitigation capabilites.
Second, improve international nuclear safety regime. Countries should learn lessons from the Fukushima nuclear accident, review and update nuclear safety standards, with special consideration of the impact of the multiple natural disasters or extreme natural haszards and their secondary hazards which are beyond safety design basis, and tighten safety standards on areas such as site selection of power plants. Efforts should be made to further promote the universality of relevant internatio