|Statement by H.E. Ambassador Li Baodong, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, at the Security Council Meeting on the Situation in Sudan|
I would like to thank Mr. Menkerios, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the Sudan and head of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS), and Mr. Mkapa, Chair of the Secretary- General’s Panel on the Referenda in the Sudan, for their briefings.
The referendum in Southern Sudan has been completed smoothly with the joint efforts made by the North, the South and the international community. This is an important step towards the full implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which China welcomes. China also welcomes the contributions made by such regional organizations as the African Union, the League of Arab States, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, the African Union Mission in the Sudan and the Secretary- General’s Panel on the Referenda in the Sudan. We thank them for their efforts, which contributed to the smooth holding of the referendum.
The referendum in Southern Sudan is not an end in itself. The ultimate goal of implementing the CPA remains that of attaining sustainable peace, stability and development in the Sudan. Regardless of the outcome of the referendum, it is imperative to ensure long-term peace and stability in the Sudan and the wider region. We hope that the North and the South will continue to engage in dialogue and consultations in order to reach an early agreement on such issues as Abyei, wealth-sharing and border demarcation so as to further promote the North-South peace process.
China donated $500,000 to assist the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission in the holding the referendum. We also provided the Southern Sudan Referendum Bureau with support in kind and sent a team of observers to the Sudan. We are ready to work with the international community and the parties concerned and to continue to play an active and constructive role in promoting the long-term peace, stability and development of the Sudan.
China supports a peaceful and comprehensive settlement of the Darfur issue, in particular by addressing the root causes of the conflict. At present, the security situation in Darfur is very fragile and the humanitarian situation is facing a number of difficulties. The root cause is the lack of a strong and widely supported political agreement in Darfur. China therefore calls on the Security Council and the international community to strengthen their support to the political process in Darfur and to urge the rebel groups there to join the peace talks without conditions or delay. We also support the continued efforts of UNMIS to promote the political process in Darfur in accordance with resolution 1935 (2010).