|Statement by Mr. Xing Jisheng, member of the Chinese Delegation at the Second Committee of the 65th Session of the General Assembly under Agenda item 26: Agricultural Development and Food Security|
The Chinese delegation wishes to thank the Secretary-General for his report submitted under this agenda item. We associate ourselves with the statement made by the representative of Yemen on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
Steep fluctuations in the international food prices in the last few years have dealt a heavy blow to the development process of the developing countries and even threatened their social stability. The FAO World Summit on Food Security held last November was an important event in so far as it has helped sharpen the focus of countries on development and food security and mobilize the international community to jointly respond to the food crisis and address the issue of food security. Nevertheless, the global food situation remains grave and two years after the 2008 world food crisis, 29 countries have remained in the grip of the crisis and the number of people suffering from hunger and malnutrition has stayed above 1 billion.
Food crisis came about as a result of a combination of factors and is closely linked to climate change, energy security and financial security, etc. As such, it requires a comprehensive solution. In our view, the international community should focus their attention on the following aspects:
First, increase input in agriculture and improve grain production in order to safeguard food supply and maintain an overall balance between grain supply and demand. Here major food producers should do more. Developed countries and international organizations should provide assistance to developing countries in areas such as financing, technology, market and capacity-building.
Second, advance institutional reform and improve the governance system so as to make the global system of food production, storage and distribution more equitable and sustainable. China is in favour of establishing a global system to safeguard food security. We are also in favour of formulating a comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable global strategy for food security.
Third, bear in mind the long-term and overall interests, push for positive results at the Doha Round agricultural negotiation, establish an international trade order in agricultural products that is fair, equitable, stable and sustainable and foster an enabling international environment for developing countries in trade, finance, intellectual property rights and other fields related to agricultural products..
Fourth, take a holistic view and achieve all-round and balanced development. Food security is closely related to economic growth, social progress, climate change and energy security. The international community should take a comprehensive approach to ensure sustainable food security.
China attaches great importance to agriculture and food security. My government has always treated feeding well over one billion people as a top priority that bears on our nation’s fundamental interest. We have resolutely pursued a policy of food self-sufficiency and our achievements in agricultural and rural development have gained world wide acknowledgement. With 9% of world's arable land and 6.5% of world's fresh water resources, China has succeeded in satisfying the food demand of 20% of the world's population. For many years, our food self-sufficiency rate has been kept at above 95%.
China has always provided development assistance to other countries to the best of its abilities. Since 2009, we have exported 551,000 tons of food to countries in Asia and Africa that face food shortages and provided external food assistance totaling 263 million RMB yuan. We have also donated US $ 6.5 million to World Food Programme. Furthermore, the contract on the US $30 million Trust Fund that China has pledged to establish under the FAO has been signed and come into effect. The Trust Fund will be used to finance projects and activities that are aimed at enhancing the agricultural productivity of the developing countries. At the High-Level Meeting on MDGs held in September this year, China's Premier Wen Jiabao announced that in the next five years, China will dispatch 3,000 agricultural experts and technical personnel to other developing countries, provide 5,000 agriculture-related training opportunities in China, and enhance, on a priority basis, cooperation with other developing countries in agricultural planning, hybrid rice, aquaculture, farmland water conservancy and agricultural machinery. We are ready to continue to share our experience in agricultural development with other developing countries within the framework of South-South cooperation and provide any kind of help to the best of our capabilities.
Thank you, Madame Chairperson.