|Statement by Mr. Jisheng Xing of the Chinese Delegation at the Second Committee of the 65th GA under Item "Eradication of Poverty and Other Developmental Issues"|
The Chinese delegation wishes to thank the Secretary General for his report submitted under this agenda item and associates itself with the statement made by the representative of Yemen on behalf of G 77 and China.
Poverty is the result of multiple factors: economic, political, social and historical. Its eradication therefore is a cross-cutting issue and a common responsibility of the international community. Since the first UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty 1997-2006, some progress has been made in the global cooperation on poverty reduction. However, the total world population living in poverty still exceeds one billion and the overwhelming majority of them are from the developing countries. Due to the international financial crisis, the number of working families living under $1.25 a day increased by 215 million in 2009 as compared to 2008. Reaching the goal of poverty reduction in the MDGs remains a tremendous challenge and the international community must continue its efforts towards poverty eradication.
First, the international community should mobilize resources and, in promoting the world economic recovery, take into full consideration the national conditions and actual needs of the developing countries, seek to improve their conditions for development and create a favorable international environment for poverty eradication so as to ensure equal opportunities of development for people of all countries.
Second, all countries, the developed countries in particular, as well as the UN and other relevant international agencies should by actual deeds fulfill their due duties and responsibilities on the eradication of poverty and hunger and support the global endeavor for poverty reduction.
Third, the developing countries should, based on their own characteristics, actively integrate poverty eradication into their overall national economic and social development plans, formulate poverty reduction strategies and phased goals on assisting the poor and take effective measures to boost economic development so as to ultimately free themselves from poverty and backwardness.
Fourth, a comprehensive partnership should be established by mobilizing all social sectors. The initiative and comparative advantages of the business sector, the civil society, women and youth should be brought into full play in a joint effort to promote the global cause of poverty reduction.
Fifth, since the launching of the Second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty with the theme of “full employment and decent work for all”, the UN has done a great deal and achieved some good results in raising awareness, strengthening capacity building, sharing best practice and assisting policy formulation. That being said, the UN system should do more to enhance its coordinating role, promote cooperation, and eliminate to the extent possible the impact of the international financial crisis on employment so as to make a greater contribution to the full and timely realization of the MDG on poverty reduction.
Since the founding of New China and especially over the last three decades of reform and opening up to the outside world, China has always given top priority to the reduction and eventual eradication of poverty and blazed a trail of poverty alleviation and development consistent with its national conditions with tremendous achievements that have drawn world attention. The population of the rural poor decreased from 250 million in 1978 to 35.97 million in 2009, accounting for 75% of the total population lifted out of poverty in the developing countries. While working hard to address poverty at home, China has also actively participated in the global poverty reduction drive and to the best of its abilities, given development assistance to many other developing countries.
At the same time, we are soberly aware that China is still a developing country with a great number of people deeply mired in poverty that is caused by many factors. By the UN standards, China still has approximately 150 million poor people. In addition, China’s labor force is nearly 800 million, the equivalent of the combined labor forces of all the developed countries. Hence China is constantly under considerable pressure of employment. Poverty eradication, full employment and a good life for all remain a long and arduous task for China. We are currently formulating the 12th Five Year Plan on Development of National Economy and Social and a new Ten Year Outline for Poverty Alleviation and Development, which will accelerate the promotion of transformation of economic development mode, and try to bring more tangible benefits to poor areas and population in the process of economic growth and social development. We’ll endeavor to reach the goal of basically eliminating absolute poverty in China by 2020, thus making a bigger contribution to the global cause of poverty reduction.
As the engine for economic growth and wealth generation, industrial development is instrumental in helping the developing countries eradicate poverty, increase productivity, create opportunities for productive employment and realize sustainable development as well as the MDGs. In addition, industrial development is also closely linked with the work in areas such as improvement of energy efficiency of industries, increase of the trade competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises and environmental protection. The Chinese delegation is pleased with the useful work done by UNIDO in promoting industrial development by utilizing its expertise and resources and through strengthening partnerships. We support UNIDO in formulating and implementing targeted cooperation strategies and assistance programs on the basis of the specific development priorities and advantages of different regions and countries so that the small and medium-sized enterprises of the developing countries can reach the goal of poverty reduction through enhancing their productive activities and trade capacities.
We appreciate the inclusion by UNIDO of improvement of energy efficiency and environmental protection as important component parts of sustainable industrial development. We are willing to engage in in-depth discussions with UNIDO on green industry and sustainable patterns of production and consumption. We have noted from the Secretary General’s report that UNIDO has designated three concrete areas of action with a view to narrowing the gap among countries in the development of green industry and hope to learn more in this respect.
With respect to South-South cooperation in the area of industrial development, we support UNIDO in continuing to develop “new partnership” with African countries and to play a more active role in promoting the effective participation of the developing countries in the global economy and helping them to derive greater benefits from trade, investment and technological cooperation.
Thank you. Madame Chair.