|Statement by Ms. Zhang Dan, Counsellor of the Chinese Delegation, at the Third Committee of the 65th Session of UNGA on Crime Prevention and Drug Control (Items 107 and 108)|
Over the past year, much progress has been made in drug control and preventing and combating transnational crimes as a result of multilateral international cooperation with the United Nations at its core. The production of drugs like heroine and cocaine has declined; States Parties to the UN Convention against Corruption have started the first round of review under the implementation review process; and states are enhancing their efforts to effectively implement and fully utilize the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Meanwhile, it should be noted that trafficking of new drugs continues to grow unabated and the loss of precursor chemicals remains a serious problem. Drug trafficking is increasingly intertwined with other criminal activities such as international terrorism and transnational organized crime. New forms of crime such as cyber-crime keep cropping up, which in some regions even constitute a threat to the security and sustainable development of local communities. The international community is still confronted with formidable challenges in preventing and combating transnational organized crime and in effectively curbing the harmful impact of drugs. Assistance in capacity building remains to be reinforced.
The international community needs to strengthen international cooperation as the only way to effectively prevent and combat transnational organized crime and to maintain peace and security. This is an unshakable responsibility of all countries. Relevant international cooperation and technical assistance should always abide by the UN Charter and the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty, equality and mutual benefit.
Now that the Review Mechanism for the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption has been established, we look forward to its positive and effective role in facilitating the practical implementation of the Convention, thus contributing to the effective curbing of corruption-related crimes.
With respect to combating transnational organized crime, we believe that the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime has great potentials for facilitating international cooperation and judicial assistance. For instance, efforts can be made to fully leverage the role of the Conference of States Parties to collect more data and information on states’ implementation of the Convention, and to carry out in-depth analysis and study of the difficulties and challenges faced by states, in particular developing states, in implementing the Convention so as to make capacity building and technical assistance more pertinent on the basis of the recipients’ needs and characteristics, thereby effectively enhancing the implementation capabilities of the states parties. In this regard, we appreciate the technical assistance activities by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which should continue to be strengthened and supported by all countries. We believe that all the above-mentioned efforts are conducive to directly responding to the challenges and effectively addressing the difficulties encountered in the implementation process.
The Chinese Government attaches importance to the effective implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the UN Convention against Corruption. Over the past year, in implementing the provisions of the Conventions, the Chinese Government continued to take necessary measures in legislative, administrative and judicial areas and actively engage in international cooperation. In August this year, the Chinese legislature started the review of a new draft amendment to our Criminal Code, which aimed at improving our criminal penal system regarding such offenses as illicit trade in human organs, smuggling and organized crime. China has signed with over 60 countries more than 100 treaties on judicial assistance, most of which are related to mutual assistance in the field of criminal justice. To date, China has acceded to 25 multilateral international conventions containing provisions for international judicial cooperation and has conducted good cooperation with relevant countries on the transfer of sentenced persons and the suppression of counterfeit and sub-standard drugs. At the end of 2009, China acceded to the Additional Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. China participated in the meetings of the working group on human trafficking and supported the adoption by the General Assembly of the Global Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons.
In the face of daunting challenges in the field of drug control, strengthening international cooperation is the only appropriate response. China supports the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs in taking immediate follow up action after the adoption last year of the Political Declaration and Plan of Action by changing the format of its annual thematic debate with an emphasis on exchanges and interactions so as to disseminate best practice and good experience. China appreciates the work done by UNODC and the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB). We encourage UNODC to continue to strengthen dialogue and consultation with donors and recipient countries with a view to providing technical assistance in accordance with the real needs of the recipient countries and regions.
The Chinese Government has been implementing drug control measures that are comprehensive, integrated and balanced. It has worked hard to publicize and implement the Drug Control Law promulgated in 2007; treated and rehabilitated drug addicts; and resolutely cracked down on drug trafficking in an effort to build a harmonious and stable social environment. My government pays particular attention to drug prevention education for youth and teenagers. A number of nationwide education campaigns on drug control were carried out and all social sectors have been mobilized to participate in the People’s War against Drugs.
The Chinese Government attaches great importance to international cooperation in drug control and has carried out pragmatic bilateral cooperation with relevant countries in such areas as alternative development, drug control enforcement, exchange of information and training. Last year, the Chinese government, together with UNODC and INCB, successfully held in Shanghai the centennial commemoration of the convening of the International Opium Commission, during which the Shanghai Declaration, a culmination of consensus and political will for drug control cooperation, was adopted. The Chinese Government is an active player in various international and regional cooperation mechanisms on drug control under, inter alia, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Mekong Sub-regional Drug Control Cooperation and Paris Pact Process, thus making its contribution to the goal of achieving a drug-free world at an early date.
Thank you Mr. Chairman.