|Statement by Ambassador Wang Qun at the 2010 NPT Review Conference on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone|
(13 May 2010, New York)
The establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones is of great significance in promoting nuclear disarmament, preventing proliferation of nuclear weapons and enhancing regional and global peace and security. It also constitutes an important step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free world.
China believes that the guidelines on establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones adopted by the United Nations Disarmament Commission in 1999 still plays an irreplaceable role in the current efforts of establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones and thus should be faithfully observed.
The international community should actively support efforts by relevant countries to establish nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of consultations among themselves and voluntary agreements in light of actual regional conditions. All nuclear-weapon states should respect the legal status of nuclear-weapon-free zones and implement the obligations in a legally binding manner. Concrete measures should be taken to implement the security assurances stipulated in all nuclear-weapon-free-zone treaties and relevant protocols.
China has always supported efforts made by non-nuclear weapon states in establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones. China also undertakes unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states and nuclear-weapon-free zones. Up to date, China has ratified relevant protocols to the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean and the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty. China also joined the Antarctic Treaty and has been fulfilling relevant obligations strictly. China respects Mongolia's nuclear-weapon-free status. China has reached agreement in principle with ASEAN on the relevant issues concerning the Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty and has no difficulty with the current text of the treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia and its protocol. China is willing to sign the relevant Protocols at an early date when the above-mentioned treaties are open for signature.
China always supports the efforts by the countries in the Middle East to establish nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region. China has always worked with all parties concerned, through bilateral and multilateral means, to facilitate solution to disputes through negotiations and ease the tensions so as to promote the final settlement of the issue and achieve long lasting peace and stability in the region.
To this end, the international community should observe and faithfully implement the resolutions adopted by various sessions of the UN General Assembly and the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, and relevant provisions in the Final Document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference in order to promote the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East.
China believes that Israel should accede to the NPT as soon as possible as non-nuclear-weapon state and place all its nuclear facilities under the IAEA's full-scope safeguards. At the same time, all states in this region should faithfully implement their obligations under the NPT.
China notes the working papers on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East submitted by some countries to the Review Conference. Due attention should be paid to relevant positions reflected in these working papers. China hopes that relevant parties could continue to work together in joined efforts in a constructive manner to find a proper solution through full consultation, which can accommodate each other's concerns. China is ready to work with the international community to make continued efforts for the achievement of comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East and the establishment of the Middle East Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone at an early date.
According to the final document of 2000 NPT review conference, Chinese Delegation has submitted a national report on the efforts taken by the Chinese Government in advancing the Middle East peace process and promoting the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East as well as a working paper on this issue. We hope its content could be fully reflected in the final document of the Conference.
Thank you, Madam Chair.