|Statement by H.E. Ambassador Zhang Yesui, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, at Security Council Debate on Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional and Subregional Organizations in Maintaining International Peace and Security|
(Photograph by Shen Hong/Xinhua News Agency)
Under the Charter of the United Nations, Member States confer the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security．Member States expect the United Nations to play a bigger role in maintaining international peace and security and responding to global threats and challenges．At the same time, they strive to promote regional security, stability and development through strengthening of regional organizations．In today's world, regional organizations are playing an increasingly important role in preventing and resolving conflicts, deploying peacekeeping operations, promoting post-conflict reconstruction and easing humanitarian crises．It is of great significance and relevance for the Security Council to hold this thematic debate to explore ways to strengthen the cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations.
China puts high emphasis on the cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security. China holds that enhanced cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations contributes to the development of multilateralism, helps consolidate and strengthen the international collective security mechanism, and enables the United Nations to better carry out its responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. In this connection, I would like to focus on the following four points:
First, to strengthen cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations, it is imperative to stick to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and relevant provisions. The Security Council shoulders the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security, and serves as the core of the international collective security mechanism. Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations provides that regional organizations can play an important role in dealing with matters that are appropriate for regional action, and their activities should be consistent with the purposes and principles of the United Nations. It also stipulates that no enforcement action shall be taken by regional organizations without the authorization of the Security Council．
Second, preventive diplomacy should be an important area of the cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations. Dialogue and consultation is the best way to resolve disputes and prevent conflicts. Due to geographical and cultural proximity, regional organizations can play a unique role in facilitating countries in their respective regions to settle disputes through such peaceful means as mediation, negotiation and good offices．The Security Council should encourage and create favorable conditions and environment for the efforts of regional organizations to resolve regional disputes peacefully.
Third, in their cooperation, the United Nations and regional organizations should give full play to their respective strengths to make up for each other's weaknesses and adopt a flexible and pragmatic approach. With their own advantages in maintaining international peace and security, the United Nations and regional organizations need to strengthen coordination and form synergy. As regional organizations vary from each other in terms of mandate and institutional structure, and due to differences in the specific situations of their respective regions, the cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations should be carried out in a flexible and pragmatic manner, and experience and best practices should be accumulated.
Fourth, one of the top priorities of the cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations is to assist regional and subregional organizations in capacity building．Around 60 percent of Security Council topics are related to Africa and about half of the UN peacekeeping operations deployed with Security Council authorization are located in Africa. In recent years, the African Union and subregional organizations in Africa have been committed to resolving hotspot issues in Africa through good offices efforts and peacekeeping operations, but their efforts are constrained due to deficiencies in fund and capacity building. We support the establishment and deepening of the strategic partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in maintaining peace and security in Africa. We support the United Nations in providing more assistance in strengthening the capacity building of regional and subregional organizations．
China highly values the regional cooperation in its region. China has all along adhered to the policy of friendship and partnership with its neighboring countries, and taken an active part in regional and subregional cooperation. ASEAN is one of the most important regional organizations in the Asia Pacific．The ASEAN-China cooperation and the cooperation between ASEAN and China, Japan and the Republic of Korea are playing a more and more important role in promoting regional peace and development. Since its establishment eight year ago, Shanghai Cooperation Organization has emerged as one of the most constructive mechanisms in Eurasia, playing a growing role in enhancing the friendly relations among countries in the region, promoting regional security and stability, and facilitating mutually beneficial cooperation. China will continue to deepen the friendly relations with its neighbors, and work with them to create an environment of peace and stability in the region.