|Statement by Ambassador Zhang Yesui at General Assembly Review of PBC Report and Secretary-General's Report on PBF|
The Chinese delegation welcomes PBC's work report on its third session and the report on the operation of PBF submitted by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. I wish to take this opportunity to thank Ambassador Heraldo Muñoz, Chairman of PBC，for his diligent work over the past year.
The establishment of PBC is an important accomplishment for UN reform since the World Summit held in 2005, and marks a new substantive step forward taken by the United Nations in peacebuilding endeavors. Over the past few years, pursuant to the relevant mandates of General Assembly and Security Council resolutions, PBC has provided vigorous assistance of various kinds to the four countries on its agenda, namely Sierra Leone, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, and Central African Republic, in the light of their respective national conditions. PBF has provided financial assistance to 12 countries, extending the exemplary role and influence of peacebuilding efforts of the United Nations.
The challenges facing the UN peacebuilding endeavors deserve due attention. How to ensure that post-conflict countries embark on peaceful reconstruction and avoid relapsing into conflicts and turbulence is a major task facing the international community. This has brought the importance of the UN peacebuilding endeavors into sharper relief. I would like to make the following four points on how to improve and strengthen the UN peacebuilding efforts:
First, the United Nations should adopt an integrated approach to coordinate peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts. The United Nations needs to input more energy into preventive diplomacy to avoid outbreak of conflicts, and reduce the international needs for peacekeeping operations and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. To ensure a smooth transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding, the Security Council should take peacebuilding into consideration when it deploys peacekeeping operations. At the same time, there should be a clear division of labor between peacekeeping and peacebuilding endeavors to avoid duplication of effort.
Second, PBC should strengthen its partnership with the recipient countries. The recipient countries shoulder the primary responsibility for their own peacebuilding efforts. They are not only the recipients of assistance, but should also become partners for dialogue on an equal footing, and should be fully entitled to air their views on identifying the priority areas of assistance. PBC should take full account of the priority development projects identified independently by the recipient countries, and establish peacebuilding strategies in accordance with these countries, specific conditions. In carrying out peacebuilding strategies, PBC needs to focus on strengthening the capacity building and human resources training of the recipient countries, and make full use of the domestic human resources and expertise of the recipient countries.
Third, PBC should take the 2010 comprehensive evaluation as an opportunity to further improve its institutional development. We hope PBC members will increase consultation, accommodate each other's concerns, and make the transition between old and new members a success. We hope PBC will cut the number of its meetings, improve efficiency, and ensure the quality of its meetings. In identifying the priority areas for peacebuilding endeavors, PBC ought not only to focus on the reform of the security department, protection of human rights and promotion of the rule of law, but also to put greater emphasis on some deep-seated problems that trigger the conflicts, including those involving economic and social development.
Fourth, PBC should give full play to the fund-raising role of PBF. Sufficient financial input provides a basic underpinning for the success of peacebuilding efforts. PBF and other multilateral and bilateral donors have invested a large number of resources in peacebuilding endeavors and played a positive role, but they still fall short of meeting all the needs. It is necessary to give further play to the catalytic role of PBC to not only provide emergent financial assistance to the recipient countries, but also attract long-term development assistance to the countries concerned. China supports improving the work of PBF, speeding up financial input and strengthening performance evaluation and accountability of the projects.
Thank you, Mr. President.