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Statement by Ambassador Zhang Yesui, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, at Debate of the 64th Session of the General Assembly on the Work and Reform of the Security Council

2009/11/13
 

13 November 2009

Mr. President,

Over the past year, the Security Council has deliberated on a host of issues concerning international peace and security. It has made tireless efforts to facilitate settlement of regional hotspot issues, promote regional stability and assist post-conflict countries in peace building endeavors, and has achieved many good results. While fulfilling its obligations, the Security Council has also endeavored to improve its working methods and increase transparency of its operation. It has enhanced exchanges with other relevant parties.

The Charter of the United Nations entrusts the sacred responsibility of maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council´╝ÄGiven the complicated international circumstances, various security challenges and the expectations of Member States, the Security Council is now shouldering a great responsibility.

The Security Council needs to input more energy into addressing the major, pressing issues that threaten international peace and security, pursuant to its responsibilities entrusted by the Charter of the United Nations. It should refrain from discussing issues that in essence belong to the internal affairs of a country and pose no threat to international peace and security. The Council should also avoid deliberations on issues that in essence do not fall within the scope of its responsibilities, so as not to affect the efforts of other UN organs and agencies to perform their normal functions.

The Security Council needs to tap its full potential to strengthen its capacity for peacemaking, peacekeeping and peace building, and work more aggressively for peaceful settlement of disputes.

The Security Council needs to strengthen its dialogue and cooperation with other UN organs and agencies as well as regional and sub-regional organizations. The Security Council should put greater emphasis on the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in maintaining international peace and security, encourage and support their mediation and good offices endeavors, and establish effective information sharing mechanisms with these organizations.

The Security Council needs to vigorously promote reform of UN peacekeeping operations. UN peacekeeping operations are now faced with new circumstances and challenges. As the decision making body that authorizes deployment of peacekeeping operations, the Security Council should improve its working methods and decision making mechanism, and facilitate the peacekeeping operations to carry out their missions more effectively.