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Statement by Ambassador Liu Zhenmin at Security Council Open Debate on Post-conflict Peacebuilding

 22 July 2009

 

Mr. President,

At the outset, I thank you for coming all the way to New York to host today’s meeting. We thank the Secretary-General for his presence and remarks at the meeting. We welcome the report submitted by the Secretary-General. I also wish to thank Ambassador Muñoz, Mr. Ryan and Mr. Mckechnie for their statements.

(Photo by Shen Hong, Xinhua News Agency)

 

Peacebuilding is a new concept that was put forward after the end of the Cold War. In 1992, former Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali initiated the concept in his Agenda for Peace report. This is yet another milestone for the development of the UN collective security system since the emergence of peacekeeping operations. It symbolized the international recognition that the end of a conflict does not necessarily mean the dawn of peace. Post-conflict peacebuilding is of great significance to the long-term peace and security of the countries and regions concerned.

For more than a decade, the United Nations has played an important role, achieved remarkable results and accumulated rich experience in post-conflict peacebuilding. The establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission in 2005 marked an important step forward for the UN peacebuilding endeavors. The UN peacebuilding process, however, is also faced with many new challenges, such as failure to give full play to the leading role of the country concerned in some circumstances, failure to interfere in post-conflict peacebuilding in a timely manner, insufficient financial input, and inadequate coordination between multilateral and bilateral financial assistance. China supports strengthening the UN peacebuilding capability and leadership role, and supports better coordination and integration of all UN peacebuilding endeavors. In this connection, I would like to make the following four points:

First, respect for the right of the country concerned to make its own decisions is fundamental to post-conflict peacebuilding. The primary task of post-conflict peacebuilding is to restore the administrative functions of state organs of the country concerned. All political leaders of the country concerned should give top priority to the overall interests of the country and the nation, comply with and faithfully implement peace agreements, resolve disputes through political dialogue and consultation, and be committed to national reconciliation, democratic development, and economic and social recovery and development. While participating in post-conflict peacebuilding endeavors, the international community