|Statement by Ambassador Wu Haitao at the General Debate of the 2019 Session of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34)|
Thank you for presiding over this debate. China welcomes the Secretary-General’s report on implementation of the recommendations of the C-34.
UN peacekeeping operations play an important role in maintaining international peace and security, but they face new challenges. In the past year, under the initiative of Secretary-General Guterres, Member States of the United Nations, the Secretariat and relevant regional organizations made shared commitments, which provided new impetus to strengthening and improving UN peacekeeping operations.
China supports the Secretary-General's "Action for Peacekeeping" initiative and would like to make the following points on improving peacekeeping operations:
First, we should abide by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and adhere to the basic principles of peacekeeping operations. The principles of the Charter, such as sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs, and peaceful settlement of disputes, should always be pursued. And the basic principles of peacekeeping operations, namely consent of parties, impartiality, non-use of force except in self-defense or defense of mandates, should always be observed. This is the premise and guarantee for peacekeeping operations to win the trust of member states and to carry out their work smoothly.
Second, we should closely follow the fundamental goal of political settlement. It is the core of UN peacekeeping operations to support resolution of disputes through political means. Primacy of politics should be implemented in all aspects of peacekeeping operations. It is important to develop clear, viable and focused mandates for peacekeeping missions, to serve political solutions, and to adjust the priorities periodically according to the dynamic needs.
Third, the management of peacekeeping operations should be improved. The Secretariat needs to optimize the logistic mechanism, provide highly-efficient support, and focus on strengthening in-mission training, aiming at enhancing the capability of peacekeeping operations to perform their mandates and respond to complex situations. The new peace and security architecture and management structure of the Secretariat have been put into operation. It is hoped that the new structures will effectively integrate resources, and improve efficiency of service, management and field operations.
Fourth, more attention should be paid to the safety and security of peacekeepers. Security risks facing current peacekeeping operations and the casualties of peacekeepers continue to rise. All parties should strengthen their attention to the safety and security of peacekeepers. The Secretariat and the peacekeeping missions should adopt comprehensive measures, develop security rules, improve early warning and response capabilities, and strengthen information collection and sharing. It is important to ensure that security equipment and measures are in place, and that medical capabilities are effectively strengthened.
Fifth, a peacekeeping partnership should be built. The host countries, the troop- and police-contributing countries, and the financial contributing countries must form synergies. It is necessary to strengthen cooperation between the Security Council, the troop- and police- contributing countries and the Secretariat. Regional and sub-regional organizations such as the African Union, in particular the AU-led peace operations, are positive practices of African countries to solve problems in African way. China supports the United Nations in providing sustainable and predictable financial support to the AU-led peace operations.
China is a firm supporter of and participant in UN peacekeeping operations, a major troop contributing country as well as the second largest contributor to peacekeeping budget. There are currently more than 2,500 Chinese peacekeepers in eight mission areas, performing peacekeeping mandates.
China is fully implementing the commitments announced by Chinese leader to further support UN peacekeeping operations. We have established an 8,000-person peacekeeping standby force and two standing peacekeeping uniformed police unit, which has completed registration to PCRS, and some have reached the level of rapid deployment. Since the establishment of the China-United Nations Peace and Development Fund, Africa’s peacekeeping capacity-building has always been a priority. In 2018, eight batches of projects were carried out, with more than 200 trainees.
In September last year, the Beijing Summit of Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) identified peace and security as one of the eight priorities of China-Africa cooperation, decided to establish the China-Africa Peace and Security Cooperation Fund to support collaboration including regarding peacekeeping. China will continue to provide military aid for AU-led peace operations.
China is ready to continue working with the member states to further improve the UN peacekeeping operations and maintain international peace and security.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.