|Statement by Ms. Cui Li,Vice Ministerof National Health and Family Planning Commission, at 50th Session of Commission on Population and Development|
Ladies and Gentlemen,
First of all, I agree with the intervention made by the Ecuador Minister, on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
Chinese Delegation thinks highly of the keynote reports prepared by the Secretary-General, Changing Age Structures and Sustainable Development and Implementation of the Programme of Action of the ICPD. The two reports illustrate the changes of age structures worldwide since 1980, as well as project the future trend up to 2050. From the perspective of promoting the coordinated development of human society, the reports analyze the complex impact of changing age structures on sustainable development, which provides inspirations for us. The reports also emphasize that the world will face an even more complex future in terms of population. All governments, thus, are requested to improve policies on population, health, education, employment and social security, among others.
The Chinese government believes, population is the fundamental, comprehensive and strategic issue shared by all human societies. The changes of population will bring profound influence to economic progress. China has long held consistent policies on population and development in this regard. As a consequence, development of women and children is improved and social and economic progress is therefore promoted. By 2016, average life expectancy in China has risen to 76.3, and infant mortality rate, mortality rate of children under 5 and maternal mortality rate dropped to 7.5 per thousand live births, 10.2 per thousand and 19.9 per hundred thousand respectively, which is better than the average of middle and high income countries.
In the next 15 years, China will enter a critical phase—the interweave of population size, quality, structure and distribution, which is also a critical phase for transformation. The population size gradually increases to the apex and then declines, with ageing more prominent and mass migration more frequent, which marks higher degree of urbanization in China. All these require strengthened national governance and equal access to public services. The Chinese government, based on the national conditions, adopts The National Population Development Plan for 2016-2030, putting people centered and carrying out the ideals of development which is innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared by all. With the implementation of such strategies as national population coordinated development and Healthy China 2030, we aim to improve the birth rate is at appropriate pace, optimize population structure and improve population quality, so as to keep population development in a coordinated and sustainable manner which suits to the development of economy, society and resources.
I, therefore, would like to share experience and lessons with each other, and jointly address the issue of changing age structures, promoting the coordinated development of population. Here, I would like to propose:
First, building a policy system beneficial to the coordinated development of population. All countries shall set improving people welfare and the all development of people as the intent and purpose of population development strategies, and better allocate public service resources. Increased advocacy helps to tap the potentials of people of all age groups, upon which sustainable development builds.
Second, adhering to children priority and investment into youth. We shall all launch projects of healthy children, drive the balanced development of obligatory education, and increase the resources invested into the life-long health and education of children and youth. A more proactive policy on employment will bring more job opportunities. Start-up businesses will also help to achieve full employment.
Third, prioritizing a healthy ageing policy. The service system for the elderly is also needed, with the coordination of health care, medical care, rehabilitation care as well as humanistic care. Senior citizens should be encouraged to engage in the economic, political, cultural and social activities in various forms, through which the value of the elderly is embodied.
Last but not least, improving family development policies. With the trend of diversified family forms, the support for family development shall be enhanced to improve its capability of risk response, thus contributing to family harmony and happiness. We shall continue our work on women empowerment and protecting their legal rights, promoting gender equality in the labor market as well as in the whole society.
Madame Chair, 21st century is an era of progress and revolution worldwide, as well as an era in which a brilliant future population and development enjoy. The Chinese government will join hands with the international community, with active and responsible attitude, focus on the core objectives. We will further contribute to SDGs, leaving no one behind.