|Statement by Mr. Yang Junzhi of the Chinese Delegation at the 3rd Committee at the Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights|
The Chinese delegation has taken note of the report by Mr. Alston, Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights.
Extreme poverty seriously hinders the achievement and full enjoyment of human rights by peoples of the world. Despite the steady progress made by the international community in eliminating extreme poverty, there are still nearly 1.3 billion people, mostly in developing countries, who are living under the international poverty line of 1.25 US dollar per day. In this first year of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, China calls on developed countries to honor their assistance commitments to developing countries by providing the latter with adequate financial and technical support to improve their capacity to reduce poverty. Developing countries need to formulate development strategies and economic policies in light of their specific situations, leverage their comparative advantages, enhance their development capacities and raise their level of development. They should also further engage in South-South Cooperation to become stronger through united efforts.
As the most populous developing country in the world, China has always set poverty reduction as a priority in its effort to safeguard human rights and has made outstanding contributions to the world’s cause of poverty reduction. In the period of over three decades since the start of China’s reform and opening up, more than 700 million Chinese people have been lifted out of poverty, and our rural population living in poverty has been reduced to 55.75 million in 2015. Poverty rate has dropped to 5.7%. China has accounted for over 70% of the global poverty reduction. It has lifted the greatest number of people out of poverty and was among the first to have achieved the MDGs. During his visit to China in August this year, the Special Rapporteur observed first-hand our poverty reduction initiatives and practice, and spoke highly of the determination of the Chinese government in poverty reduction and its achievements in this respect.
While working to reduce poverty at home, China has also actively supported and helped many developing countries in poverty reduction. In total, China has provided nearly 400 billion RMB yuan in assistance to 166 countries and international organizations, and dispatched more than 600,000 assistance personnel. In addition, we have announced 7 times the unconditional cancellation of interest-free government debts owed by HIPCs and the LDCs, and provided help to more than 120 developing countries in their implementation of the MDGs. China is ready to continue to work with other countries in our joint effort to promote the global cause of poverty reduction.
Thank you, Madam Chair.