|Statement by Ms. Lyu Xin of the Chinese Delegation at the Thematic Discussion on Information and Cyber Security at the First Committee of the 71th Session of the UN General Assembly|
In the world today, the information technology represented by the Internet has brought a qualitative leap in productivity and significant digital opportunities and dividends for global economies and social development. In the meantime, problems such as development imbalance, inadequacy in rules and norms and unreasonable order in cyberspace are getting more salient. Infringement of personal privacy and intellectual property rights and cyber crime happen from time to time. Cyber surveillance, cyber attacks and cyber terrorism are becoming global scourges. The risk of conflict in cyberspace has been increasing.
Cyberspace is the common space of human activities, and no one can stand alone. The international community should strengthen cooperation with a sense of urgency to jointly build a community of common destiny in cyberspace which will contribute to lasting peace and common prosperity. To this end, China proposes efforts be made in the following areas:
First, concept leads action. We should reject the old mentality of zero-sum game of “winner takes all” and uphold the new concept of shared by all, built by all, win-win and governed by all in the international relationship. We should also put into practice the new concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security in cyberspace, so as to maintain common and lasting security.
Second, we should adhere to the principle of rule of law. Governance of cyberspace should follow the existing principles of the international law and basic norms of international relationship enshrined in the UN Charter, such as sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs, non-use of force, peaceful settlement of disputes and fulfillment of international obligations in good faith. Meanwhile, we should actively promote the formulation of global legal instrument on fighting against cyber terrorism and cyber crime to push forward the rule of law in cyberspace.
Third, we should focus on key area. The formulation of norms of state behavior is an important step to regulate activities and promote confidence in cyberspace, and therefore should be our priority. As the most authoritative and representative international organization, the UN plays an indispensable role in this regard. China and Russia have submitted an International Code of Conduct for Information Security to the General Assembly. The process of UN Group of Government Experts (UNGGE) on Information Security has made continuous progress. Based on those efforts, the international society should discuss in depth relevant norms and work out concrete measures in the areas of the protection of critical infrastructure and fighting against cyber crime and cyber terrorism, with a view to build comprehensive and practical norms for cyberspace at an early date.
Forth, we should attach equal importance to both development and security. We should strive to bridge the “digital divide” and scale up capacity building assistance to developing countries, to overcome weakness in global cyber security. Meanwhile, we need to carefully nurture sound development of digital economy. We should neither sacrifice the vitality of development for the sake of absolute security, nor sidestep necessary security supervision at the excuse of market and trade liberalization.
China has attached great importance to cyber security and informatization construction and is vigorously implementing its national cyber development strategy, national big data strategy, and “Internet Plus” action plan, to build a “digital China” and a “shared economy”. China has constructively participated in UNGGE on information security and other UN cyber security processes, promoted development and cooperation on digital economy in G20, pushed forward the initiatives of the Digital Silk Road and the China-ASEAN Information harbor. China has deepened cyber security cooperation within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and BRICS. Continuous efforts have been made to broaden partnership in cyberspace, to contribute to the building of a community of common destiny in cyberspace.
Thank you, Mr Chairman.