|Statement by Ambassador LIU Jieyi at the Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan|
I thank the President of the Security Council for convening this debate on the Situation in Afghanistan. I also thank the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan, Mr. Haysom, for his briefing, as well as the Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, Mr. Saikal, for his statement.
Recently, the security situation in Afghanistan has worsened. Many conflicts and terrorist attacks have occurred inside that country, resulting in heavy civilian casualties. The Afghan Government of National Unity has worked to maintain national stability, fostering economic development and promoting national reconstruction. However, Afghanistan still has a long way to go before it can achieve comprehensive economic and social development and enable all its people to benefit from the peace dividend. That requires the joint efforts of all people in Afghanistan and the support and assistance of the international community. I would like to emphasize four points.
First, efforts should be made to improve the security environment in Afghanistan to avoid a reversal of the situation. The international community should vigorously support Afghanistan, including by helping to build the capacity of its national security forces. That should include intensified training for Afghanistan’s counter-terrorism and border control officials and the improvement of its independent self-defence and counter-terrorism capabilities. The parties concerned should also comprehensively implement the Islamabad declaration of the fifth Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process, formulate common counter-terrorism strategies to help the Government respond effectively to the challenges and threats of terrorism, transnational crime and drug trafficking.
Secondly, efforts should be made to support effective administration by the Afghan Government and to strengthen State governance. The Afghan Government of National Unity has begun formulating a new national development strategy. The international community should, in the light of the strategic priorities and specific needs of Afghanistan, help the Afghan Government to improve the efficiency of its administration and governance capabilities and consolidate the fruit of State-building efforts there. The parties in Afghanistan should also build solidarity and continue to settle their differences through dialogue and consultation in a commitment to achieve development and prosperity in Afghanistan.
Thirdly, attention should be paid to the efficacy of assistance to ensure that Afghanistan benefits in the long term. The international community should continue to provide and maintain assistance to Afghanistan, while placing equal emphasis on providing such assistance and enabling the country to assist itself, with the aim to promote comprehensive economic and social development in the country. Additional international aid would mean added hope for the Afghan people. The international community should continue to provide Afghanistan with relief in the form of humanitarian goods, and help ease the pressing needs of the Afghan population. Cooperation with regard to infrastructure and investment in trade should also be intensified, and human-resource training augmented in order to increase Afghanistan’s ability to function independently. Resolution 2274 (2016) calls upon the parties to actively participate in economic initiatives, such as the “Sick Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road” strategy. This will provide for new opportunities for the economic and social development of Afghanistan. We hope that the parties concerned will take an active part in this regard.
Fourthly, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) should continue to play an important role in coordinating international efforts. In accordance with the mandate stipulated in Security Council resolution and in the light of the aspirations of Afghanistan, the Mission should comprehensively push forward international efforts in support of Afghanistan’s development and improved governance. In the political field, UNAMA should support an Afghan-led peace process, and should support the Afghan parties in bolstering their confidence-building measures. With regard to regional cooperation, UNAMA should fully leverage Afghanistan’s unique geographical advantage as it assists the country in its move towards regional cooperation, boosting the international community’s confidence in a smooth Afghan transformation.
The realization of extensive and inclusive national reconciliation in Afghanistan is the only way to settle the Afghan question. China supports the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process. China has actively participated in the Quadrilateral Coordination Group of Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and the United States of America in an effort to create an enabling external environment and to help the Government work out a practicable road map for reconciliation. China is ready to join all parties in continuing to play a constructive role in pushing the reconciliation and reconstruction process in Afghanistan forward, and in helping to bring about the timely attainment of lasting peace and prosperity in Afghanistan.
Thank you, Mr. President.