|Statement by Ambassador Liu Jieyi at the Security Council Briefing on Post-conflict Peacebuilding|
China thanks Chile for taking the initiative to convene today’s meeting on peacebuilding.
I welcome Minister for Foreign Affairs Muñoz to New York to preside over today’s meeting. I thank Deputy Secretary-General Eliasson and Ambassador Patriota for their briefings.
Peacebuilding is an important and integral part of the international community’s effort to help countries with their post-conflict rebuilding. In recent years, the United Nations has devoted greater attention to and increased its input in peacebuilding, and has made outstanding achievements in countries such as Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste and Haiti, which have won the recognition of the countries involved and the international community at large.
The Peacebuilding Commission has earnestly implemented relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions, successfully held its first annual meeting, started preparing for the 2015 comprehensive review of the peacebuilding architecture, and focused the attention of the international community on the impact of Ebola on peacebuilding. China commends the Peacebuilding Commission for its work and Ambassador Patriota for the leadership role he played as Chair of the Commission.
At the same time, we should not lose sight of the fact that United Nations peacebuilding is still in an exploratory stage and has room for improvement and is faced with many difficulties and challenges. China believes that for the next phase of peacebuilding work the United Nations should focus on the following four areas of work.
First, with regard to respect for the leadership role of the countries involved, United Nations peacebuilding operations should follow the nationally owned, nationally led and nationally driven principle. The timing of peacebuilding should be decided in light of local situations. The programme of work should be tailored to the specific needs of the countries involved and formulated with a priority focus on backing the relevant efforts of the countries involved and should assist them in strengthening institutional and capacity-building so as to address the root causes of the conflicts. The national initiative and dynamism of the countries involved should be brought into play. Efforts should be made to avoid simply copying the peacebuilding models of other countries.
Secondly, with regard to promoting synergies among the countries involved and other relevant parties, peacebuilding is a project involving system engineering and requires the broad participation of national Governments and other players. The United Nations should help national Governments to play the central role in deciding their own peacebuilding priorities and, at the same time, encourage the countries involved to strengthen their communication and coordination with other relevant parties so as to take into account the opinions of all parties and synergize their efforts.
Thirdly, with regard to strengthening integrated management in an effort to rationally allocate resources and enhance efficiency, Member States, regional organizations and specialized agencies all play an important role in peacebuilding. The United Nations should clearly illustrate the Peacebuilding Commission’s role in integrated management and facilitate the relevant parties’ coordination so that they will bring forth their respective advantages and complement each other. In planning peacebuilding operations, efforts should be made to budget carefully and allocate human and material resources rationally with a focus on efficiency and to avoid lopsided expansion.
Fourthly, taking into account both short-term results and long- and medium-term goals, peacebuilding is a long, complex and arduous task, and its ultimate goal is to help countries involved enhance their self-preserving capacity and achieve self-sufficiency and sustainable stability and development. At the same time, various tools can be used in a flexible manner to introduce quick-impact projects without a huge investment so that the people in a country involved can enjoy the peacebuilding dividend sooner. When the people’s hearts and minds have been won, they can support and consolidate our achievements. In that regard, the Peacebuilding Fund should play a bigger role.
This year, the United Nations will undergo a comprehensive review of its peacebuilding architecture that will help it fully take stock of its experiences and draw lessons from its past work in order to further improve its peacebuilding work in an effort to better realize the purposes and principles of the United Nations. China recognizes the progress already achieved in preparing for the review. China expects that relevant parties will, on the basis of prior consensus, earnestly carry out their respective responsibilities, conduct a review according to the set time frame and effectively implement the results of the review in the actual work of the United Nations.
China will actively participate in the above-mentioned process and play a constructive role in enhancing the work of peacebuilding.
Thank you, Mr. President.