|Statement by Ambassador Li Baodong at the Security Council Briefing on the Situation in Somalia|
I would like to thank the United Kingdom for its initiative in convening this meeting on Somalia, and to thank Mr. Simmonds for presiding over our discussion. I would also like to thank Deputy Secretary-General Eliasson for his briefing, and to welcome Her Excellency Ms. Fowsiyo Yusuf Haji Adan, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Somalia.
Somalia now has a historic opportunity to make the transition from turmoil to stability. A breakthrough was recently made in the peace process. The transitional period has ended smoothly, and the first elected Government and Parliament in 22 years have been formed, starting the process of rebuilding the State. The security and humanitarian situation has also improved, and China welcomes those developments.
We also know that Somalia still has a long way to go to achieve lasting peace and development. The Government is still facing many difficulties and challenges in maintaining stability and promoting reconciliation and development. The security and humanitarian situations remain fragile. Somalia must not falter in its efforts to address those issues, while the international community must also continue to provide strong support. For now, we should focus on the following aspects.
First, in order to make tangible progress in the peace process, we should support the Government's efforts to enforce the provisional Constitution, implement its six-pillar policy and speed up State institution-building, particularly in the areas of security and the judiciary, and to promote a functioning Government capable of administering the entire country effectively.
National reconciliation is the only way that Somalia can achieve long-term stability and security. We urge opposing groups in Somalia to renounce violence and join the political process unconditionally and as soon as possible. We hope that the parties will put the interests of the State and people first, and that in a spirit of solidarity and reconciliation they will temper their differences through dialogue and consultations, so they can work together to maintain the unity and stability of the State as well as its economic and social development.
Secondly, in support of the efforts of regional organizations such as the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development to address this issue, China commends the efforts made by countries in the region and regional organization towards achieving peace and stability in Somalia. We hope that in dealing with these issues, the United Nations and the international community will strengthen their coordination with those countries and the relevant regional organizations and take full heed of their opinions. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) plays a vital role in maintaining security and stability in Somalia, and has made sacrifices and an important contribution to that cause. The United Nations and the international community should increase their support to AMISOM and provide it with sustainable and predictable funding.
Thirdly, the United Nations and the international community should play a positive and constructive role in resolving this issue. We hope that the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) will be deployed as soon as possible, that it will strengthen its coordination with Somalia and the relevant parties in the international community and carry out its work according to the Council's mandate. We hope the international community will continue to increase the attention and support it gives Somalia and to provide support and assistance for efforts aimed at peacebuilding and reconstruction, particularly the Government's capacity-building efforts. We welcome all efforts on the part of the international community to resolve this issue successfully, including the second London Conference on the issue, held in early May. We also reiterate that the international community should fully respect the sovereignty and independence of Somalia, and that its various components should strengthen their coordination with one another while making full use of their respective advantages.
China follows developments in Somalia closely. We are a firm supporter of the peace process there and have provided assistance, within our capacity to do so, to Somalia and AMISOM. Along with the international community, we stand ready to make our due contribution to achieving lasting peace and reconstruction in Somalia.
Thank you, Mr. President.