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Basic Facts about the 155 Ethnic Autonomous Areas in China
[by the end of 2003]

2003/12/31

White Paper 2005: Regional Autonomy for Ethnic Minorities in China
 
http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/20050301/index.htm

http://www.china.com.cn/ch-book/20050228/index.htm


Appendix: Basic Facts about the 155 Ethnic Autonomous Areas in China

(as of the end of 2003)

http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/20050301/Appendix.htm

 

Name of Ethnic Autonomous Area

 

Time of Founding

Capital

Area (square km)

Population

(thousand)

Proportion of Ethnic Minority Population in the Total (%)

 

 

5 Autonomous Regions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

 

May 1, 1947

Hohhot City

1,197,547

23,796.1

21.25

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

 

March 15, 1958

Nanning City

237,693

48,570.0

38.17

Tibet Autonomous Region

 

Sept. 1, 1965

Lhasa City

1,247,910

2,592.1

95.93

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

 

Oct. 25, 1958

Yinchuan City

62,818

5,801.9

35.52

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

 

Oct. 1, 1955

Urumqi City

1,655,826

19,339.5

60.13

 

 

 

 

30 Autonomous Prefectures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jilin Province

 

 

 

 

 

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture

Sept. 3, 1952

Yanji City

42,700

2,185.7

40.89

Hubei Province

 

 

 

 

 

Enshi Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Dec. 1, 1983

Enshi City

23,942

3,817.9

52.80

Hunan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Xiangxi Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Sept. 20, 1957

Jishou City

15,461

2,655.5

74.59

Sichuan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Aba Tibetan-Qiang Autonomous Prefecture

Jan. 1, 1953

Ma'erkang County

84,242

847.1

73.35

Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Oct. 1, 1952

Xichang City

60,423

4,154.8

47.34

Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Nov. 24, 1950

Kangding County

152,629

904.9

81.73

Guizhou Province

 

 

 

 

 

Qiandongnan Miao-Dong Autonomous Prefecture

July 23, 1956

Kaili City

30,337

4,193.8

77.10

Qiannan Bouyei-Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Aug. 8, 1956

Duyun City

26,193

3,790.1

55.28

Qianxinan Bouyei-Miao Autonomous Prefecture

May 1, 1982

Xingyi City

16,804

3,016.2

42.94

Yunnan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture

Jan. 24, 1953

Jinghong County

19,700

869.2

74.83

Wenshan Zhuang-Miao Autonomous Prefecture

April 1, 1958

Wenshan County

32,239

3,322.7

56.64

Honghe Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Nov. 18, 1957

Gejiu City

32,931

4,014.5

56.26

Dehong Dai-Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture

July 24, 1953

Luxi County

11,526

1,048.0

51.61

Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture

Aug. 23, 1954

Lushui County

14,703

471.5

92.17

Deqen Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Sept. 13, 1957

Zhongdian County

23,870

353.8

86.54

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture

Nov. 22, 1956

Dali City

29,459

3,358.3

49.49

Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture

April 15, 1958

Chuxiong City

29,258

2,550.3

31.70

Gansu Province

 

 

 

 

 

Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture

Nov. 19, 1956

Linxia City

8,417

1,913.7

56.88

Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Oct. 1, 1953

Xiahe County

40,201

682.9

57.16

Qinghai Province

 

 

 

 

 

Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Dec. 31, 1953

Haiyan County

39,354

267.5

61.34

Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Dec. 22, 1953

Tongren County

17,921

212.6

93.40

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Dec. 6, 1953

Gonghe County

45,895

394.1

68.33

Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Jan. 1, 1954

Maqen County

76,312

138.6

92.65

Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Dec. 25, 1951

Yushu County

188,794

274.8

95.79

Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Jan. 25, 1954

Delingha City

325,785

340.2

26.31

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

 

 

 

 

 

Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture

July 15, 1954

Changji City

77,582

1,543.3

43.36

Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture

June 23, 1954

Korla City

471,526

1,126.5

42.24

Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture

July 14, 1954

Artux City

69,815

458.4

16.87

Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture

July 13, 1954

Bole City

24,900

438.6

32.28

Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture

Nov. 27, 1954

Yining City

269,168

4,083.3

54.83

 

 

 

 

 

120 Autonomous Counties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hebei Province

 

 

 

 

 

Dachang Hui Autonomous County

Dec. 7, 1955

Dachang Town

176

112.0

24.27

Mengcun Hui Autonomous County

Nov. 30, 1955

Mengcun Town

393

187.2

23.98

Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County

May 10, 1987

Qinglong Town

3,309

516.5

68.40

Fengning Manchu Autonomous County

May 15, 1987

Dage Town

8,747

380.5

68.05

Weichang Manchu-Mongolian Autonomous County

June 12, 1990

Weichang Town

9,058

515.7

57.84

Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County

June 16, 1990

Kuancheng Town

1,933

233.9

63.50

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

 

 

 

 

 

Oroqen Autonomous Banner

Oct. 1, 1951

Alihe Town

13,800

283.1

11.52

Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner

Aug. 15, 1958

Ni'erji Town

2,351

314.6

19.70

Ewenki Autonomous Banner

Aug. 1, 1958

Bayantuohai Town

16,800

144.3

39.56

Liaoning Province

 

 

 

 

 

Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County

April 7, 1958

Fuxin Town

6,246

731.5

20.30

Mongolian Autonomous County of Harqin Left Wing

April 1, 1958

Dachengzi Town

2,240

423.6

19.71

Xiuyan Manchu Autonomous County

June 11, 1985

Xiuyan Town

4,502

503.1

79.95

Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County

June 7, 1985

Xinbin Town

4,287

306.6

73.50

Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County

June 6, 1990

Qingyuan Town

3,921

341.6

61.00

Benxi Manchu Autonomous County

June 8, 1990

Xiaoshi Town

3,362

299.9

63.85

Juanren Manchu Autonomous County

June 10, 1990

Juanren Town

3,547

302.9

59.00

Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County

June 12, 1990

Kuandian Town

6,186

436.4

54.92

Jilin Province

 

 

 

 

 

Changbai Korean Autonomous County

Sept. 15, 1958

Changbai Town

2,496

85.1

15.86

Mongolian Autonomous County of Qian Gorlos

Sept. 1, 1956

Qianguo Town

5,117

575.4

9.99

Yitong Manchu Autonomous County

Aug. 30, 1989

Yitong Town

2,523

466.4

39.71

Heilongjiang Province

 

 

 

 

 

Mongolian Autonomous County of Dorbod

Dec. 5, 1956

Taikang Town

6,427

248.8

21.00

Zhejiang Province

 

 

 

 

 

Jingning She Autonomous County

Dec. 24, 1984

Hexi Town

1,950

179.3

9.94

Hubei Province

 

 

 

 

 

Changyang Tujia Autonomous County

Dec. 8, 1984

Longzhouping Town

3,430

409.7

50.65

Wufeng Tujia Autonomous County

Dec. 12, 1984

Wufeng Town

2,072

205.9

84.88

Hunan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Chengbu Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 30, 1956

Rulin Town

2,620

257.2

57.59

Tongdao Dong Autonomous County

May 7, 1954

Shuangjiang Town

2,225

221.1

88.50

Jianghua Yao Autonomous County

Nov. 25, 1955

Tuojiang Town

3,216

458.3

63.97

Xinhuang Dong Autonomous County

Dec. 5, 1956

Xinhuang Town

1,511

250.5

87.56

Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County

Sept. 24, 1987

Zhijiang Town

2,096

356.9

61.25

Jingzhou Miao-Dong Autonomous County

Sept. 27, 1987

Quyang Town

2,211

260.1

73.00

Mayang Miao Autonomous County

April 1, 1990

Gaocun Town

1,561

359.8

77.97

Guangdong Province

 

 

 

 

 

Liannan Yao Autonomous County

Jan. 25, 1953

Sanjiang Town

1,231

155.6

51.55

Lianshan Zhuang-Yao Autonomous County

Sept. 26, 1962

Jitian Town

1,264

114.7

62.88

Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County

Oct. 1, 1963

Rucheng Town

2,125

201.3

11.38

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

 

 

 

 

 

Du'an Yao Autonomous County

Dec. 15, 1955

Anyang Town

4,092

611.2

97.45

Rongshui Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 26, 1952

Rongshui Town

4,665

468.1

71.83

Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County

Dec. 3, 1952

Guyi Town

2,455

347.1

86.40

Longsheng Multi-ethnic Autonomous County

Aug. 19, 1951

Longsheng Town

2,537

165.5

77.40

Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County

May 28, 1952

Jinxiu Town

2,517

148.1

78.40

Longlin Multi-ethnic Autonomous County

Jan. 1, 1953

Xinzhou Town

3,542

357.6

80.18

Bama Yao Autonomous County

Feb. 6, 1956

Bama Town

1,966

240.2

86.64

Luocheng Mulam Autonomous County

Jan. 10, 1984

Dongmen Town

2,639

360.5

73.07

Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County

Jan. 1, 1984

Fuyang Town

1,572

299.8

46.77

Dahua Yao Autonomous County

Dec. 23, 1987

Dahua Town

2,754

402.4

93.96

Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County

Nov. 24, 1987

Si'en Town

4,558

366.9

91.67

Gongcheng Yao Autonomous County

Oct. 15, 1990

Gongcheng Town

2,149

279.6

58.98

Hainan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Baisha Li Autonomous County

Dec. 30, 1987

Yacha Town

2,117

181.6

61.36

Changjiang Li Autonomous County

Dec. 30, 1987

Shilu Town

1,569

232.1

36.77

Ledong Li Autonomous County

Dec. 28, 1987

Baoyou Town

2,747

469.4

38.01

Lingshui Li Autonomous County

Dec. 30, 1987

Yelin Town

1,128

330.1

55.98

Qiongzhong Li-Miao Autonomous County

Dec. 28, 1987

Yinggen Town

2,706

203.6

56.56

Baoting Li-Miao Autonomous County

Dec. 30, 1987

Baocheng Town

1,161

105.5

90.57

Chongqing Municipality

 

 

 

 

 

Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County

Nov. 18, 1984

Nanbin Town

3,013

512.3

69.49

Xiushan Tujia-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 7, 1983

Zhonghe Town

2,450

606.0

52.41

Youyang Tujia-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 11, 1984

Zhongduo Town

5,173

745.0

83.60

Pengshui Miao-Tujia Autonomous County

Nov. 10, 1984

Hanjia Town

3,903

630.3

59.63

Sichuan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County

Oct. 25, 2003

Qushan Town

2,86 5

161.2

58.89

Muli Tibetan Autonomous County

Feb. 19, 1953

Qiaowa Town

13,252

126.3

78.42

Mabian Yi Autonomous County

Oct. 9, 1984

Minjian Town

2,383

180.2

40.57

Ebian Yi Autonomous County

Oct. 5, 1984

Shaping Town

2,395

148.9

31.24

Guizhou Province

 

 

 

 

 

Songtao Miao Autonomous County

Dec. 31, 1956

Liaogao Town

2,861

639.9

42.49

Zhenning Bouyei-Miao Autonomous County

Sept. 11, 1963

Chengguan Town

1,721

334.6

58.61

Ziyun Miao-Bouyei Autonomous County

Feb. 11, 1966

Songshan Town

2,284

322.4

68.44

Weining Yi-Hui-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 11, 1954

Caohai Town

6,296

1,095.9

25.37

Guanling Bouyei-Miao Autonomous County

Dec. 31, 1981

Guansuo Town

1,468

320.0

58.99

Sandu Shui Autonomous County

Jan. 2, 1957

Sanhe Town

2,383

314.7

96.85

Yuping Dong Autonomous County

Nov. 7, 1984

Pingxi Town

516

136.8

82.70

Daozhen Gelao-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 29, 1987

Yuxi Town

2,156

336.6

79.18

Wuchuan Gelao-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 26, 1987

Duru Town

2,773

419.3

96.25

Yinjiang Tujia-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 20, 1987

Yinjiang Town

1,961

399.4

71.36

Yanhe Tujia Autonomous County

Nov. 23, 1987

Heping Town

2,469

558.7

55.74

Yunnan Province

 

 

 

 

 

Eshan Yi Autonomous County

May 12, 1951

Shuangjiang Town

1,972

149.0

65.46

Shilin Yi Autonomous County

Dec. 31, 1956

Lufu Town

1,777

229.3

34.29

Cangyuan Va Autonomous County

Feb. 28, 1964

Mengdong Town

2,539

166.9

90.90

Gengma Dai-Va Autonomous County

Oct. 16, 1955

Gengma Town

3,837

255.0

51.60

Yulong Naxi Autonomous County

Dec. 26, 2002

Huangshan Town

6,521

209.7

85.03

Ninglang Yi Autonomous County

Sept. 20, 1956

Daxing Town

6,206

235.4

79.39

Jiangcheng Hani-Yi Autonomous County

May 18, 1954

Menglie Town

3,476

109.4

81.20

Lancang Lahu Autonomous County

April 7, 1953

Menglang Town

8,807

470.6

77.12

Menglian Dai-Lahu-Va Autonomous County

June 16, 1954

Nayun Town

1,957

114.2

85.84

Ximeng Va Autonomous County

March 5, 1965

Mengsuo Town

1,391

82.9

94.06

Hekou Yao Autonomous County

July 11, 1963

Hekou Town

1,313

78.2

63.49

Pingbian Miao Autonomous County

July 1, 1963

Yuping Town

1,905

146.2

61.95

Gongshan Drung-Nu Autonomous County

Oct. 1, 1956

Cikai Town

4,506

30.42

96.24

Weishan Yi-Hui Autonomous County

Nov. 9, 1956

Wenhua Town

2,266

301.7

43.20

Nanjian Yi Autonomous County

Nov. 27, 1965

Nanjian Town

1,802

215.4

49.32

Xundian Hui-Yi Autonomous County

Dec. 20, 1979

Rende Town

3,966

503.9

21.82

Yuanjiang Hani-Yi-Dai Autonomous County

Nov. 22, 1980

Lijiang Town

2,858

196.5

79.24

Xinping Yi-Dai Autonomous County

Nov. 25, 1980

Guishan Town

4,223

269.7

69.76

Mojiang Hani Autonomous County

Nov. 28, 1979

Lianzhu Town

5,459

351.0

73.97

Shuangjiang Lahu-Va-Blang-Dai Autonomous County

Dec. 30, 1985

Mengmeng Town

2,292

163.8

44.36

Lanping Bai-Pumi Autonomous County

May 25, 1988

Jinding Town

4,455

190.5

93.47

Weixi Lisu Autonomous County

Oct. 13, 1985

Baohe Town

4,661

144.6

83.28

Jingdong Yi Autonomous County

Dec. 20, 1985

Jinping Town

4,532

353.0

46.03

Jinggu Dai-Yi Autonomous County

Dec. 25, 1985

Weiyuan Town

7,777

291.7

46.44

Pu'er Hani-Yi Autonomous County

Dec. 15, 1985

Ning'er Town

3,670

185.1

49.54

Yangbi Yi Autonomous County

Nov. 1, 1985

Shangjie Town

1,957

100.1

63.28

Luquan Yi-Miao Autonomous County

Nov. 25, 1985

Pingshan Town

4,378

448.8

30.42

Jinping Miao-Yao-Dai Autonomous County

Dec. 7, 1985

Jinhe Town

3,677

316.3

85.51

Zhenyuan Yi-Hani-Lahu Autonomous County

May 15, 1990

Enle Town

4,223

204.3

51.80

Gansu Province

 

 

 

 

 

Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County

July 6, 1953

Zhangjiachuan Town

1,311

315.0

69.75

Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County

May 6, 1950

Huazangsi Town

6,865

214.1

38.00

Sunan Yugur Autonomous County

Feb. 20, 1954

Hongwansi Town

20,456

35.3

55.30

Subei Mongolian Autonomous County

July 29, 1950

Dangchengwan Town

55,000

11.1

41.08

Aksay Kazak Autonomous County

April 27, 1954

Hongliuwan Town

31,374

8.0

32.60

Dongxiang Autonomous County

Sept. 25, 1950

Suonan Town

1,467

267.3

88.11

Jishishan Bao'an-Dongxiang-Salar Autonomous County

Sept. 30, 1981

Chuimatan Town

910

219.8

54.45

Qinghai Province

 

 

 

 

 

Huzhu Tu Autonomous County

Feb. 17, 1954

Weiyuan Town

3,321

370.8

25.13

Hualong Hui Autonomous County

March 1, 1954

Bayan Town

2,740

232.5

78.57

Xunhua Salar Autonomous County

March 1, 1954

Jishi Town

1,749

116.3

94.05

Henan Mongolian Autonomous County

Oct. 16, 1954

Youganning Town

6,250

31.9

97.16

Menyuan Hui Autonomous County

Dec. 19, 1953

Haomen Town

6,896

150.6

56.93

Datong Hui-Tu Autonomous County

July 10, 1986

Qiaotou Town

3,090

425.5

46.50

Minhe Hui-Tu Autonomous County

June 27, 1986

Chuankou Town

1,780

376.7

54.84

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

 

 

 

 

 

Barkol Kazak Autonomous County

Sept. 30, 1954

Barkol Town

36,947

101.0

33.81

Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County

Sept. 17, 1954

Taxkorgan Town

52,300

33.2

52.70

Mulei Kazak Autonomous County

July 17, 1954

Mulei Town

13,510

85.5

31.44

Yanqi Hui Autonomous County

March 15, 1954

Yanqi Town

2,429

124.7

54.77

Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County

March 25, 1954

Qapqal Town

4,482

164.8

63.60

Hoboksar Mongolian Autonomous County

Sept. 10, 1954

Hoboksar Town

28,799

49.5

65.80

http://www.china.com.cn/ch-book/20050228/8.htm 

 

 

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