|Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei's Regular Press Conference on September 27, 2013|
Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei held a press conference on September 27, 2013.
Q: Please brief us on the meeting between Foreign Minister Wang Yi and US Secretary of State John Kerry on the margins of the UN General Assembly.
A: Yesterday, Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with US Secretary of State Kerry on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly at request. The two sides had a candid, practical and constructive exchange of views on issues ranging from Syria to Korean nuclear and from Iranian nuclear to the South China Sea.
On the Syrian issue, both sides hope to see an early adoption of a resolution on the issue of chemical weapons in Syria by the Security Council, laying stress on the unity of the Security Council. China is willing to continue its constructive role in this regard to push the Security Council to solve the issue of chemical weapons in Syria through peaceful means rather than war. China also underscored the importance of a political settlement of the Syrian issue, saying that the verification and elimination of chemical weapons should go hand in hand with the political settlement.
On the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, both sides are committed to denuclearization, peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula. China also believes that reasonable concerns of the DPRK should be addressed and hopes to see more direct contacts between the US and the DPRK. Only by recommitting themselves to the September 19 Joint Statement and living up to their responsibilities and obligations, can parties concerned successfully solve the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue.
China gave its opinion on the Iranian nuclear issue, hoping that all parties will seize the current opportunity to launch a new round of negotiation as soon as possible and solve the Iranian nuclear issue through peaceful means.
China also expounded on its principled position on the South China Sea issue, pointing out that the overall situation in the South China Sea is stable, and that China is holding dialogue and consultation with relevant claimants. The US should look at and deal with relevant issue objectively and fairly, and refrain from any word or deed that may aggravate dispute or complicate the situation.
China also set forth its principled position on the human rights issue.
Q: Turkey has decided to buy HQ-9 long-range air and missile defence system from a Chinese company. What is China's comment?
A: The Chinese government carries out defence trade cooperation in a prudent and responsible manner. China's military export does no harm to peace, security and stability of relevant regions and beyond, nor does it interfere in the internal affairs of recipient countries. It is in strict consistence with China's relevant international obligations. The aforementioned cooperation between China and Turkey is defence trade cooperation under normal circumstances.
Q: Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida reportedly said in his speech to the UN that to increase the transparency of nuclear capabilities is the prerequisite to the reduction of nuclear stockpile, adding that countries like China that are engaged in nuclear capability building should be pinned down. What is China's comment?
A: We are dissatisfied with the remarks made by the Japanese side. I would like to stress that China has the most transparent nuclear strategy among nuclear states. China stands for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons and is fully committed to a nuclear strategy of self-defence and the policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons at any time or under any circumstances. China makes the unequivocal commitment that it will not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states and nuclear-weapon-free zones with no strings attached. China has never participated in any form of nuclear arms race, nor has it deployed any nuclear weapons on foreign territory. China's nuclear capabilities are always kept at the minimum level required for national security. China's nuclear capabilities are entirely for self-defence and never threaten any other country.
Japan, on the contrary, has been playing up the so-called "military threat from China" and stirring up tension and confrontation, which is to make excuses for its military build-up and adjustment to military policy. That is what really calls for high vigilance from the international community. We require the Japanese side to reflect on and draw lessons from history, pursue a path of peaceful development and make more efforts to promote political and security mutual trust as well as peace and stability in the region.
Q: An adopted Chinese girl was killed in Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Her adoptive parents are suspected of murder. What is China's response?
A: The Chinese Foreign Ministry and Embassy in Spain are highly concerned about the case. Upon learning the case, our Embassy immediately got in touch with the Spanish police, requiring the Spanish side to launch an investigation at once, hold the perpetrator to justice and take concrete measures to ensure the safety as well as the legitimate rights and interests of adopted Chinese children.
Q: Japanese Prime Minster Shinzo Abe reportedly told the UN General Assembly that changes to the maritime order through the use of force or coercion could not be condoned under any circumstances. Some reports have it that such statements were made with China in mind. What is China's response?
A: The legitimate and justifiable maritime activities by China, a maritime country, are beyond reproach. China's position on the East China Sea issue is clear-cut and consistent. Japan should face up to history and reality, work with China in the same direction to uphold peace and stability in the East China Sea rather than further complicate bilateral relations.
Q: In his statement at the UN General Assembly, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe reportedly mentioned the need to reform the Security Council and his wish to get international recognition of Japan's aspirations to become a permanent member. What is China's comment?
A: China's position on the reform of the UN Security Council remains consistent and unchanged. The reform, concerning the long-term development of the UN and the immediate interests of the 193 members, must be based on a broad consensus through democratic consultations.
Any UN member, including those which want a bigger role in the Security Council, should above all respect and be responsible to history, instead of challenging the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War.