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Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei's Regular Press Conference on June 3, 2013


Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei held a press conference on June 3, 2013.

Q: US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel told the Shangri-La Dialogue that "The United States has expressed our concerns about the growing threat of cyber intrusions, some of which appear to be tied to the Chinese government and military. The establishment of a cyber working group is a positive step in fostering US-China dialogue on cyber (issues)." He added that the US was determined to work more vigorously with China and other partners to establish international norms in cyberspace. How does China respond?

A: Cyber security is a global issue. Being one of the major victims of hacker attacks, China is confronted with the grave threat of cyber attack like many other countries are. The Chinese government takes the cyber security issue very seriously and opposes any hacker or cyber attack.

Cyber security is a challenge to both China and the US. Safeguarding cyber security serves the common interests of both countries and the international community. China stands ready to engage in constructive dialogue with the US on the issue of cyber security based on mutual respect and mutual trust. Both sides have agreed to establish a cyber working group within the framework of China-US Strategic Security Dialogue. We hope that both sides could take an even-tempered and level-headed approach to the issue, build up understanding and consensus and enhance cooperation through dialogue and communication so as to jointly build a peaceful, secure, open and cooperative cyberspace.

Q: The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said in its annual report that China has increased its nuclear warheads over the past year, while Russia and the US have cut their strength, adding that the arms race was all the more disturbing in Asia. What is China's comment?

A: China's nuclear policy is clear. I would like to emphasize that China's nuclear strategy is the most transparent among the nuclear-weapon states. China stands and calls for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons, firmly pursues a nuclear strategy solely for self-defence, adheres to the policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstance, and makes the unequivocal commitment that it will unconditionally not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states and nuclear-weapon-free zones. China has never deployed nuclear weapons in other countries nor participated in any nuclear arms race. Instead, it keeps its nuclear capabilities at the minimum level commensurate with its national security needs. China uses its nuclear power for nothing but self defence and never threatens any country.

We hope that the outside world would not make wild guesses about China's limited nuclear capabilities and believe that countries with the largest nuclear arsenals bear special and primary responsibilities for nuclear disarmament.

Q: The fifth Tokyo International Conference on African Development, was recently held in Yokohama, Japan. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced to provide 32 billion US dollars in aid to Africa in the next five years. Some media construed Japan's action as counterbalancing China in Africa. Does China agree with that?

A: The development of Africa calls for support and assistance of the international community. China is pleased to see that Japan laid out initiatives of cooperation with Africa at the fifth Tokyo International Conference on African Development. We hope that these initiatives would contribute to peace and development in Africa, and Japan could deliver all its commitments for the benefit of African people. China has long been providing assistance to Africa in good faith as its capacity allows. We will continue to strengthen cooperation with Africa in order to draw the world's greater attention and help to Africa.

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