|Statement by Ambassador LIU Jieyi at the Security Council Briefing on Somalia|
China strongly condemns the terrorist attack that took place in London yesterday and would like to offer its condolences to the bereaved families of the innocent victims and our sympathy to the injured. Terrorism is the common enemy of the international community. China is resolutely opposed to all forms of terrorism and is ready to step up its cooperation with the international community in our joint response to terrorist threats and challenges, with the goal of maintaining world peace and security.
China was pleased to welcome Mr. Boris Johnson, Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom, as he presided over today’s meeting. We also welcome President Farmajo of Somalia, who joined us by video link, and to acknowledge the presence of Foreign Minister Omar of Somalia at today’s meeting. China listened attentively to the statements made by President Farmajo; Mr. Keating, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia; and Mr. Madeira, Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission for Somalia.
Somalia is entering a crucial stage of national reconstruction. China congratulates President Farmajo on his election and welcomes his appointment of Mr. Hassan Ali Khayre as Prime Minister. We also commend his commitment to advancing the political process of stabilizing the country and pressing ahead with economic reconstruction. We are confident that the Government and the people of Somalia will continue to make new progress in the reconstruction of their country.
The security and humanitarian situation in Somalia remains precarious, given rampant terrorist activities and the recent grip of a crippling famine. Somalia still has a long way to go in its quest for peace and stability. That is why there is a need for unwavering support and assistance from the international community. China welcomes the Security Council’s unanimous adoption this morning of resolution 2346 (2017), on the renewal of the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia, which will enable it to carry out the assessment of the post-election situation in Somalia and provide targeted support, based on the Government of Somalia’s needs, to enable it to advance its peace process and national reconstruction. Secretary-General Guterres and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Mr. Faki, both visited Somalia this month in a testament to the solidarity of the African Union and the United Nations with Somalia as it works to rebuild itself in the new context. China highly commends those efforts.
This year marks the tenth anniversary of the deployment of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). Over the past decade, AMISOM and countries in the region have assisted the Government of Somalia in actively combating terrorism. The United Nations has provided robust logistics support to AMISOM and has diligently coordinated the international assistance directed to Somalia. Thanks to those efforts, the situation in Somalia has gradually made a turn for the better. That is also an illustration of the positive momentum towards stability and development across the African continent driven by a commitment to unity, self-reliance, peace and development.
Today some parts of Africa are still facing daunting challenges characterized by continued local conflicts, a lack of development capacity and a precarious humanitarian situation. The United Nations has cooperated effectively with the African Union and other countries of the region on Somalia, providing useful reference points for the Security Council in tackling other hot-spot issues in Africa. China supports Africa in efforts to address African issues in African ways and is supportive of the leading role played by the AU and other regional and subregional organizations in seeking political solutions to African hotspot issues, enhancing coordination among various parties and building synergies. All the parties should decide on priorities, push the conflicting parties to settle their differences through dialogue and consultation, identify the nature and root causes of given problems, build mutual trust, promote reconciliation and pursue lasting solutions. The international community should nurture a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, support capacity-building in the African Standby Force and the African Union Rapid Reaction Force, and generally improve Africa’s collective security capabilities. It is important to take a holistic approach to peace and development, emphasize conflict prevention, draw up clear-cut peacekeeping and peacebuilding targets, and boost Africa’s development capabilities so as to promote stability and development in Africa.
The Chinese Government attaches great importance to its cooperation with Africa. During the Johannesburg summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, held in December 2015, China’s President Xi Jinping and African leaders agreed to upgrade China-Africa relations to a comprehensive, strategic and cooperative partnership. Ten major cooperation plans for the next three years were launched at the summit, focusing on industrialization, agricultural modernization, infrastructure, finance, green development, trade and investment facilitation, poverty reduction, public health, people-to-people exchanges and peace and security. These outcomes are being implemented in a swift and comprehensive manner.
So far, almost 50 per cent of China’s pledged $60 billion has materialized or is in the pipeline. China will continue to act on the principles put forward by President Xi — those of sincerity, practical results, affinity and good faith — and uphold the value of friendship, justice and shared interests. We will ensure good progress in delivering on those ten major plans and assist African countries in expediting industrialization and agricultural modernization. We will remain actively engaged in promoting the cause of peace and security in Africa and will further contribute to peace, stability and development in Africa.