|Statement by Ambassador Wang Min, Deputy Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China at the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly on Agenda Item 41 "Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba"|
Let me begin by welcoming the report submitted by the Secretary General under this agenda item. The Chinese delegation associates itself with the statement made by Argentina on behalf of G77 and China.
For 19 consecutive years, the United Nations General Assembly has adopted by an overwhelming majority resolutions on the "necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba", urging all the countries to abide by the UN Charter and international law, repeal or invalidate any laws and measures with extraterritorial effects which affect the sovereignty of other states, the legitimate interests of entities or persons under their jurisdiction and the freedom of trade and navigation.
Regrettably, however, those resolutions have not been effectively implemented over the years, and the economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba imposed by the United States is yet to be lifted. Such practice has not only severely violated the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the relevant UNGA resolutions, but has also inflicted enormous economic and financial losses on Cuba. According to statistics contained in the Secretary General's report, as of December 2010, Cuba's economic losses directly resulting from the embargo had exceeded 975 billion US Dollars.
Sanctions and embargo have severely impeded the efforts by the Cuban people to eradicate poverty, promote economic and social development and achieve the MDGs. They have violated the basic human rights of the Cuban people to food, health and education and their right to survival and development, and affected the normal economic, commercial and financial interactions between other countries and Cuba.
At present, the international community is faced with multiple serious challenges such as the financial, food and energy crises as well as climate change, which make the sanctions and embargo against Cuba all the more unreasonable. The call of the international community is getting louder and louder, demanding that the US government change its policy towards Cuba, lift embargo and normalize its bilateral relations with Cuba.
The Chinese government has always believed that countries should develop mutual relations on the basis of upholding the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and respecting the rights of other countries to independently choose their own social system and development path. China is opposed to any unilateral sanctions against other countries by military, political, economic or other means. Meanwhile, China has strictly followed and implemented the relevant GA resolutions. China and Cuba have maintained normal economic, trade and personnel exchanges. The friendly and mutually-beneficial cooperation in various fields between our two countries has been growing. This is not only in line with the desire of the two peoples, but also conducive to the economic and social development of Cuba.
In today's world, dialogue, exchanges and harmonious coexistence represent the mainstream of international relations. Exchanges and cooperation on an equal footing among countries have become the dominating trend. In the face of differences, dialogue on an equal footing and friendly consultation are the best means to settle disputes. China hopes that the US will follow the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the relevant GA resolutions and terminate its embargo against Cuba as soon as possible. China also hopes that the relationship between the US and Cuba will constantly improve so as to promote the stability and development in Latin America and the Caribbean region. China will again vote in favor of the draft resolution submitted by Cuba under this agenda item.
Thank you, Mr. President.