|Statement by Ambassador Wang Min at the First Meeting of the Seventh Round of Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform|
I thank you for convening today's meeting.
China welcomes the seventh round of the intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform．Member States have been actively engaged in the negotiations, and had candid and in-depth exchanges of views on the five clusters of issues concerning Security Council reform．We maintain that the negotiations have achieved some positive and constructive results and proceeded in a good atmosphere in general．
On February 23,you disseminated Rev. 3．China notes with regret that the new draft caused some controversy among Member States．Before you put forward the new draft, many countries and groups of countries, China included,expressed their concerns and reservations．It is disappointing that these concerns and reservations were not respected．The new draft reorganized and summed up the positions and proposals of Member States．But that was done without broad-based consultations with Member States beforehand, nor was there any consensus among Member States．Rev. 3 only reflected the personal views of Mr. Chairman,rather than the positions of Member States．The Text may serve as a reference facilitating the participation of Member States in the intergovernmental negotiations, but not the basis for the negotiations．
There are voices that challenge the legitimacy of the Security Council．We are seriously concerned over this．The victory of the Second World War laid the groundwork for the founding of the United Nations．Exactly a year ago,the General Assembly unanimously adopted the resolution in commemoration of the 65 '" anniversary of the victory of the Second World War. The legitimacy of the Security Council derives from the Charter of the United Nations. It concerns the universal agreement of the international community on the result of the Second World War. China firmly opposes any attempt to use Security Council reform as an excuse to challenge the conclusion on the Second World War.
Today, great changes have taken place in international political arena. The collective ascent of developing countries and the growing role of African countries are among the major changes．China supports the Security Council in keeping pace with the times and carrying out reform．The reform should give top priority to increasing the representation of developing countries, especially African countries in the Security Council,and allow them to play a more important role in Council affairs. In the meantime,small and medium-sized countries should have more opportunities to join the Security Council on a rotating basis to reflect the principle of democracy, fairness and transparency.
On future negotiations, I would like to stress the following three points:
First, the five clusters of issues on Security Council reform are interrelated,and should not be addressed in isolation. Only by reaching a package solution can Security Council reform accommodates the interests and concerns of all Member States．China opposes the "step-by-step" and "piecemeal" approach, or "framework draft resolution". Attempt to force through immature solution will undermine the unity of the United Nations, and lead to division among Member States．It will not help keep the negotiations on the healthy track. There should not be an artificial time table for the reform．
Second, the intergovernmental negotiations must be driven by Member States．Pursuant to General Assembly decision 62/557, the positions and proposals of Member States form the basis of the intergovernmental negotiations. All solutions or initiatives should come from Member States．We trust that Member States have the wisdom to find a solution for Security Council reform. Before broad-based consensus is reached among Member States, no individual has the right to put forward any solution or initiative.
Third, parties concerned need to strive for consensus on the approach to the reform at an early date. Parties are still seriously divided over Security Council reform．Member States are yet to reach general agreement on any solution．The intergovernmental negotiations are still far away from the stage of consultation on the text. Member States should not be bogged down in debates over the wording or text, which does not help move the negotiations forward. The top priority is to discuss the general approach to the reform．China supports the position of African countries. That is, before consensus is reached on issues of principle, parties should not streamline or merge the text. We also note that some countries have put forward useful approaches. China hopes Member States will display flexibility and work toward the same goal．
China supports the General Assembly in continuing to push forward the intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform in accordance with General Assembly decision 62/557under the principles of openness, inclusiveness, transparency and being driven by Member States. We will continue to support the work of President Deiss and you．
Thank you, Mr. Chairman．