|Statement by Minister Counsellor Wang Hongbo at the 65th Session of the General Assembly under Agenda Item 69:"Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Assistance of the United Nations, including Special Economic Assistance"|
(photo: XinHua News Agency Bai Jie)
The Chinese delegation wishes to thank you for your briefing. China endorses the statement made by Yemen on behalf of the Group of 77 and China and takes this opportunity to commend the hard work and remarkable performance of Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Madam Valerie Amos and her predecessor Mr. John Holmes over the past year.
The year 2010 is an eventful year for the global humanitarian community. Compared with 20 years ago when we adopted in this hall the landmark General Assembly resolution 46/182,the global humanitarian landscape today has changed dramatically. What remains unchanged for good is the humanity shown by people when a massive disaster occurs. This year, we have once again witnessed the courage, resilience and unity displayed by the international community, especially by the governments and people of the affected countries, in the face of earthquakes, floods and epidemics．
The Chinese government always attaches great importance to humanitarian affairs．Over the past decades, the Chinese government has gradually put in place an effective humanitarian crisis response mechanism to save lives and protect people's property, fully assumed its primary responsibility in the initiation, organization, coordination and implementation of humanitarian assistance within its territory, and also accumulated valuable experience in disaster prevention and post-disaster reconstruction.
China is a developing country prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and drought. Disaster reduction, preparedness, emergency relief and post-disaster reconstruction have been an arduous task facing the Chinese governments at all levels every year.
Following the mega earthquake in Wenchuan in 2008,this year witnessed a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck Yushu, Qinghai province, a severe mudslide took place in Zhouqu, Gansu province and over 30 provinces devastated by massive floods, affecting about 210 million people in total．
While going all out to cope with these frequent natural disasters, the Chinese government also succeeded in the post-disaster reconstruction in Wenchuan quake zone．Over the past two years, the Chinese government has invested a total of 130 billion US dollars in the reconstruction work of Wenchuan, enabling the affected area to build back better one year ahead of schedule．With the strong support of the international community, China has achieved continuous success in dealing with massive disasters within its territory, which in itself is a great contribution to the global humanitarian relief efforts．
The Chinese government always advocates strengthening of international humanitarian cooperation and mutual trust among various parties．While receiving international humanitarian assistance, China has also done what it can to actively engage in multilateral and bilateral humanitarian relief activities at the request of the governments of the affected countries and upon the appeal of the international community. China is also sharing extensively its experience in disaster management and humanitarian relief under the framework of South-South cooperation and regional cooperation.
China's humanitarian relief practice once again proves that the guiding principles of humanitarian assistance set forth in the annex of the General Assembly resolution 46/182 are an effective prerequisite for implementation of humanitarian assistance, and serve as the basis for strengthening international cooperation and mutual trust. Parties involved in humanitarian efforts must abide by the principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality, respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of the affected countries, comply with international humanitarian law and the laws of host countries, and respect local culture and traditions．Only with the consent of the governments of the affected countries and the trust and support of the affected people can humanitarian relief be carried out smoothly.
The Chinese government views insufficient capacity as one of the most important factors constraining the affected countries from effectively tackling humanitarian crisis．Since the 46th session of the UN General Assembly, relevant UN resolutions have reiterated the importance of supporting developing countries in empowering their capacity for disaster reduction, preparedness and relief.
In accordance with the relevant UN resolutions, the UN system should strengthen its existing humanitarian responsiveness, knowledge and institutions, urge parties concerned to fulfill in good faith their commitment to transferring disaster relief and reduction technologies and expertise to developing countries, and help the affected countries achieve smooth transition from relief to development. China calls on the UN humanitarian system and the international community to make it a top priority for humanitarian assistance to help the affected countries strengthen their disaster reduction and relief capacity.
The Chinese delegation would like to see the United Nations play a bigger role in global humanitarian assistance．Over the past two decades, with mounting global humanitarian needs, humanitarian actors have proliferated．The serious trend toward fragmentation of humanitarian relief activities has added to the difficulty of humanitarian coordination. In the area of coordination of humanitarian assistance, the United Nations not only has the mandate afforded to it by Member States, but also has marked strengths in knowledge,capacity and mechanism. In this connection, China supports strengthening of OCHA's central coordinating role．
The Chinese delegation calls on OCHA to continuously improve its coordination mechanism, and strengthen the linkages between needs evaluation, project planning, resources allocation, and program implementation and evaluation. OCHA could further improve its fund raising and partnership building, enhance its communication and cooperation with Member States．OCHA should respond in a practical and effective manner to the latest call of developing countries by paying due regard to the principle of equitable geographical distribution established by the Charter of the United Nations,and by increasing the share of procurement from local and neighboring markets when purchasing relief supplies．
The Chinese delegation congratulates CERF on setting a solid base for achieving the goal of raising 450 million US dollars for 2011 at yesterday's high-level meeting. The success once again shows that, with its outstanding operation, CERF has won extensive political and financial support from the international community. As one of the most predictable contributors of CERF, China supports CERF in maintaining or even appropriately expanding its size,and improving its management performance and resources allocation on the basis of next year's five-year evaluation to make it a genuine highlight of UN humanitarian reform.
Next year marks the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident. The Chinese government appreciates the unremitting efforts made by the governments and people of Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine to thoroughly eliminate the consequences of the disaster, and calls on the international community to continue to provide generous assistance to the affected people in the areas．
The Group of 77 and China will submit to the current session of the General Assembly a draft resolution on "International Cooperation on Humanitarian Assistance in the Field of Natural Disasters, from Relief to Development". The Chinese delegation calls on all Member States to actively engage in the consultation and reach consensus at an early date．
Thank you, Mr. President.