|Statement by Chinese Delegation on Nuclear Disarmament at the Third Session of the Preparatory Committee of 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT|
The complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons, elimination of the danger of nuclear war, and establishment of a world without nuclear weapons, constitute not only a crucial link in the global nuclear governance, but also an important element of the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which serves the common interests of the mankind. There is still a long way to go to achieve the abovementioned objective. The international community should continue to make relentless efforts on the basis of existing common understanding and achievements.
In recent years, the international community has carried out extensive discussions on the status, approaches and roadmap of nuclear disarmament. Taking into consideration of the current situation, China would like to share the following views:
Firstly, universal security should be the guiding principle of nuclear disarmament. Nuclear disarmament is not an isolated process in vacuum. Only through building a peaceful, stable international security environment and achieving universal security for all countries, can progress be made in nuclear disarmament. In this connection, we should pursue a new security concept featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and coordination as its core, fully respect and accommodate the legitimate security concerns of all countries, foster relationships among countries based on mutual understanding and trust, and peacefully resolve international disputes through dialogues on an equal footing.
Secondly, the strategic stability is the basic assurance of nuclear disarmament process. History shows that the principles of maintaining global strategic balance and stability and undiminished security for all should be fully observed. The practice and seeking absolute strategic advantages should be discarded. The programs of developing and deploying missile defense systems which will undermine global and regional strategic stability should be abandoned. Multilateral negotiations on preventing weaponization of and an arms race in outer space should be vigorously promoted.
Thirdly, the existing mechanisms remain important platforms for dealing with nuclear disarmament. Nuclear disarmament is closely related to international strategic stability and national security, thus we must adopt a scientific and democratic decision-making approach while following the principle of consensus. The UNGA First Committee, the UN Disarmament Commission, the Conference on Disarmament and the NPT review process are the multilateral arms control mechanisms which were formulated through years' long exploration and discussion by the international community. These august bodies are irreplaceable either in their membership, technical expertise or experience, and they deserve to be maintained and further strengthened. Establishing new mechanisms to deal with nuclear disarmament will not gain universal support and achieve its purpose.
Fourthly, step-by-step approach should be the basic working method in advancing nuclear disarmament. The objective of nuclear disarmament cannot be achieved overnight. Nuclear disarmament should be a just and reasonable process of gradual reduction towards a downward balance. Countries with the largest nuclear arsenals bear special responsibility in this regard, and should continue to take the lead in making drastic and substantive reductions in their nuclear weapons. When conditions are ripe, other nuclear-weapon states should also join the multilateral negotiations on nuclear disarmament. International community should develop, at an appropriate time, a viable, long-term plan composed of phased actions, steadily promoting nuclear disarmament until the ultimate elimination of all nuclear weapons.
As a nuclear-weapon state, a permanent member of the UN Security Council and the biggest developing country, China is firmly pursuing a path of peaceful development. China maintains an open, transparent and responsible nuclear policy, and faithfully implements its obligations of nuclear disarmament under the NPT. China stands for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons.
China is firmly committed to a nuclear strategy of self-defense. China has never threatened to use nuclear weapons against any country, and has adhered to the policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstance. Moreover, China is the only nuclear-weapon state that has undertaken unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states or nuclear-weapon-free zones. China has never provided "nuclear umbrella" to other countries, and has never deployed nuclear weapons in foreign countries. China never and will not participate in any form of nuclear arms race and will continue to keep its nuclear capabilities at the minimum level required for national security.
China supports the purposes and objectives of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). China observes its commitment of moratorium on nuclear test. China is steadily promoting domestic preparatory work for the implementation of CTBT, and is dedicated to promoting its early entry into force. Our efforts of preparing the implementation and promoting entry into force of the CTBT are not less than any state that has ratified it. And we will not be an obstacle for the entry into force of the CTBT.
China has always stood for commencing the negotiation of FMCT as early as possible in the Conference on Disarmament (CD), in order to conclude a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally effectively verifiable FMCT. China participates in the UN Group of Governmental Experts (GGE). At the same time, we firmly believe that the CD is the only appropriate venue for the negotiation of a FMCT, and the GGE should carry out its work strictly in accordance with its mandate and its work should not constitute negotiation or pre-negotiation.
In order to coordinate among the five nuclear-weapon states (P5) to jointly promote global nuclear governance, China hosted a P5 Conference from April 14th to 15th in Beijing. The P5 had in-depth exchange of views on nuclear disarmament and other important issues in the nuclear field, and reached extensive common understandings on strategic plans and concrete measures for next steps. We believe this Conference will generate a positive influence on the international nuclear disarmament process.
The P5 Working Group on the Glossary of Key Nuclear Terms under China's leadership has achieved further progress. P5 will submit a glossary of nuclear terms to the 2015 RevCon. The outcome of the working group will be an important achievement in implementing the Action Plan of the 2010 RevCon and will play an important role in increasing the understandings and mutual trust among parties in the nuclear field.
The Chinese delegation has submitted a working paper on nuclear disarmament which comprehensively elaborates China's relevant positions. We hope the elements contained therein will be reflected in the report of this PrepCom.
Thank you, Mr.Chairman.