|Statement by Ambassador Zhang Yishan at the Second Biennial Meeting of States to Consider the Implementation of the PoA to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in SALW in All Its Aspects|
|(11 July 2005,New York)|
First of all, please allow me, on behalf of the Chinese delegation, to congratulate you on your assumption of the Chairmanship of the Second Biennial Meeting of States to Consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (PoA). I am convinced that with your wisdom and rich diplomatic experience, you will surely guide this meeting to a success. You and other members of the Bureau can rest assured of the full cooperation and support from the Chinese delegation for the success of the meeting.
As an important milestone and roadmap for the multilateral efforts to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SALW), the PoA represents the consensus and determination of the international community on fighting the illicit trade in SALW. It also represents a brand-new stage in the multilateral process to address the issue of SALW.
In recent years, the international community has achieved a series of progress in the implementation of the PoA.
At the national level, many countries have established national points of contact and coordination agencies, developed and improved national legislation, and enhanced efforts in the institution and capacity building.
At the regional level, regional and sub-regional organizations have launched various initiatives and taken concrete measures to address the illicit trade in SALW within the framework of regional cooperation. Regional initiatives such as the ASEAN Plan of Action and the Nairobi Protocol have laid a solid foundation for the implementation of the PoA at the regional level. Regional endeavors have become an important part of international efforts against the illicit trade in SALW.
Guided by the roadmap of the PoA, efforts at the global level against the illicit trade in SALW are also proceeding smoothly. In 2003, the UN successfully convened the First Biennial Meeting of States to Consider the Implementation of the PoA. Last month, the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit SALW was successfully concluded, which provides a whole series of guiding principles and measures for the marking and tracing of SALW. A resolution was adopted at the 59th Session of the UN General Assembly to set up a group of governmental experts on illicit brokering no later than 2007, thus putting the issue of illicit brokering high on the agenda.
There is an old Chinese saying, "Constant reviews make constant renewal". The purpose of the Second Biennial Meeting of States we are convening today is exactly to review past experience for renewed efforts in the future.