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Statement by Ambassador Hu Xiaodi, Head of the Chinese Delegation, on Preventing Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons at the 3rd Session of the PrepCom for the 2005 NPT Review Conference
(29 April 2004)


Mr. Chairman:

The international nuclear non-proliferation regime based on the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has played an important role in preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the past decades. It is on the whole effective and has been reinforced constantly.

In recent years, regional nuclear issues, the exposed nuclear smuggling network and possibility of terrorism converging with weapons of mass destruction have presented new challenges to efforts to prevent proliferation.

China believes that the fundamental guarantee against proliferation lies with a global security environment of cooperation and mutual trust and common security for all since they will help reduce the incentives for some states to acquire, develop or maintain nuclear weapons.

The correct and effective way to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons is to advocate multilateralism, strengthen international cooperation and seek peaceful and political solutions to problems emerging in non-proliferation. We must avoid double or multiple standards or pursuing other purposes in the name of non-proliferation.

The three main objectives of the NPT should be dealt with in a balanced way. They are mutually supportive of one another. Progress in nuclear disarmament and peaceful uses of nuclear energy will conduce to non-proliferation efforts.

Efforts should be made to strengthen and improve the existing non-proliferation regime, promote the universality of the NPT, strengthen IAEA safeguards, consolidate international export control mechanisms and reinforce physical protection of nuclear weapons and nuclear material.

Mr. Chairman,

China has strictly complied with its NPT obligations, including the non-proliferation obligations. It has all along adhered to the policy of not advocating, encouraging or engaging in proliferation of nuclear weapons, not assisting other countries in the development of nuclear weapons, and opposing the proliferation of nuclear weapons in any way to any country.

China has consistently supported international nuclear non-proliferation efforts and worked to improve the international nuclear non-proliferation regime.

China believes that the IAEA safeguards are important components of the international non-proliferation regime and have played a vital role in safeguarding states' non-proliferation commitments. We support the IAEA in strengthening safeguards and implementing its verification functions according to its Statute. China also hopes to see faithful implementation of safeguards obligations by all states.

In 1984, China joined the IAEA and has since actively participated in the Agency's activities. In December 1998, China signed the Additional Protocol and formally completed in March 2002 the domestic legal procedure